Jun'ichi Wakayama

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A striated muscle fiber consists of thousands of myofibrils with crystalline hexagonal myofilament lattices. Because the lattices are randomly oriented, the fiber gives rise to an equatorial x-ray diffraction pattern, which is essentially a rotary-averaged "powder diffraction," carrying only information about the distance between the lattice planes. We were(More)
Low-resolution three-dimensional structures of acto-myosin subfragment-1 (S1) complexes were retrieved from X-ray fiber diffraction patterns, recorded either in the presence or absence of ADP. The S1 was obtained from various myosin-II isoforms from vertebrates, including rabbit fast-skeletal and cardiac, chicken smooth and human non-muscle IIA and IIB(More)
s of the 2001 Annual Meeting on Muscle and Cell Motility Physiology TEIKYO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, TOKYO, 7–8 DECEMBER 2001 SESSION A: STRUCTURE, BIOCHEMISTRY, MECHANICS AND GROWTH OF SKELETAL MUSCLE A high-speed atomic force microscope for studying biological macromolecules in action T. ANDO, N. KODERA and T. ITO Department of Physics, Faculty of(More)
Structural changes of contractile proteins were examined by millisecond time-resolved two-dimensional x-ray diffraction recordings during relaxation of skinned skeletal muscle fibers from rigor after caged ATP photolysis. It is known that the initial dissociation of the rigor actomyosin complex is followed by a period of transient active contraction, which(More)
Static and time-resolved two-dimensional x-ray diffraction patterns, recorded from the living mouse diaphragm muscle, were compared with those from living frog sartorius muscle. The resting pattern of mouse muscle was similar to that of frog muscle, and consisted of actin- and myosin-based reflections with spacings basically identical to those of frog. As a(More)
By using skinned-rabbit skeletal muscle fibers, the time courses of changes of thin filament-based x-ray reflections were followed at a 3.4-ms time resolution during thin-filament activation. To discriminate between the effects of calcium binding and myosin binding on thin-filament activity, measurements were performed after caged-calcium photolysis in(More)
Changes in the x-ray diffraction pattern from a frog skeletal muscle were recorded after a quick release or stretch, which was completed within one millisecond, at a time resolution of 0.53 ms using the high-flux beamline at the SPring-8 third-generation synchrotron radiation facility. Reversibility of the effects of the length changes was checked by(More)
Molecular recognition such as antigen-antibody interaction is characterized by the parameters of kinetics and the energy landscape. Examinations of molecules involved in the interaction at different temperatures using atomic force microscopy (AFM) can provide information on not only the effects of temperature on the unbinding force between a molecule of(More)
Caldicellulosiruptor bescii is a cellulolytic/hemicellulolytic anaerobe, which extracellularly secretes various proteins, including multidomain cellulases with two-catalytic domains, for plant biomass degradation. Degradation by C. bescii cells has been well characterized, but degradation by the cell-free extracellular cellulase/hemicellulase system (CEC)(More)
We describe a mlcromethod for determining serum tiI glycerides (triacylglycerols) with the centrifugal analyzer. Thistechniqueis based on the procedure of Bublitz and Kennedy [J. Blo!. Chem. 211, 951 (1954)J. The enzymic hydrolysis requires 10 mm at 30 #{176}C. Twenty-six serum triglyceride assays can be done in about 30 mm. Concentration and absorbance are(More)