Jun-ichi Nagai

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A thermostable fumarase was purified from a strain of Thermus thermophilus isolated from a Japanese hot spring. The maximum specific activity of the purified enzyme was 1740 units/mg at pH 8.0 and 85 degreesC. The enzyme was composed of four identical subunits with a molecular weight of 46,000 and displayed other enzymatic characteristics which are common(More)
Two lines of mice selected for reproductive longevity were compared with one unselected control line to examine longevity and lifetime performance such as number of parturitions during lifetime. Mice were pair mated at about 8 weeks of age and cohabited throughout life. Litter size was reduced to eight at birth in selected line 121 and unselected control(More)
The Escherichia coli GroEL subunit consists of three domains with distinct functional roles. To understand the role of each of the three domains, the effects of mutating a single residue in each domain (Y203C at the apical, T89W at the equatorial, and C138W at the intermediate domain) were studied in detail, using three different enzymes (enolase, lactate(More)
A thermostable aspartase was purified from a thermophile Bacillus sp. YM55-1 and characterized in terms of activity and stability. The enzyme was isolated by a 5-min heat treatment at 75 degrees C in the presence of 11% (w/v) ammonium sulfate and 100 mM aspartate, followed by Q-Sepharose anion-exchange and AF-Red Toyopearl chromatographies. The native(More)
The 90-kDa stress protein, HSP90, is a major cytosolic protein ubiquitously distributed in all species. Using two substrate proteins, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and firefly luciferase, we demonstrate here that HSP90 newly acquires a chaperone activity when incubated at temperatures higher than 46 degrees C, which is coupled with self-oligomerization of(More)
A thermostable aspartase gene (aspB) from Bacillus sp. YM55-1 was cloned and the gene sequenced. The aspB gene (1407 bp ORF) encodes a protein with a molecular mass of 51 627 Da, consisting of 468 amino-acid residues. An amino-acid sequence comparison revealed that Bacillus YM55-1 aspartase shared 71% homology with Bacillus subtilis aspartase and 49% with(More)
We have purified a heat-stable catalase from a thermophilic bacterium, Thermus species strain YS 8-13. The enzyme was purified 160-fold from crude cellular extracts and possessed a specific activity of 8000 units/mg at 65 degrees C. The purified enzyme displayed the highest activity at pH 7 to 10 and temperatures around 85 degrees C. The catalase was(More)
Frequencies of mice with the rat growth hormone (rGH) transgene were examined in lines derived from two genetic bases (P/W and P/C). The genetic bases were developed from males (P) with the rGH transgene, mated with non-transgenic females of different origin: a line previously selected for large body size (W) and a corresponding unselected control line (C).(More)