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The neural circuits that modulate the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the rat were studied with the retrograde transneuronal tracer--pseudorabies virus. First-order afferents were also identified using cholera toxin beta subunit. Olfactory processing regions (viz., main olfactory bulb, anterior olfactory nucleus, taenia tecta, endopiriform nucleus, medial(More)
High-pressure freezing/freeze substitution followed by Lowicryl K4M embedding provided an excellent morphology and antigenicity of the gastric glands, as well as the intraluminal fluid contents. Taking advantage of this, we histochemically investigated the secretory dynamics of the zymogenic contents in rat gastric gland, with special references to(More)
OBJECTIVE Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) deficiency is one of the causes of thyroid dyshormonogenesis, because TPO plays a key role in thyroid hormone biosynthesis. To determine the frequency and pattern of TPO abnormalities, we have been screening TPO genes of patients with congenital goitrous hypothyroidism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS TPO genes of a patient with(More)
Normal projection development from the medial superior olive (MSO) to the inferior colliculus (IC) was examined by injecting Fluoro-Gold (FG), a retrograde tracer, into the IC unilaterally at postnatal days 0 (P0), P3, P7 and maturity. The rats were killed 1 day after FG injection. At all ages, labeled neurons in the MSO appeared on the ipsilateral side(More)
We evaluated the consequences of unilateral ablation of the inferior colliculus (IC) upon the ascending projection from the medial superior olive (MSO) to the IC. Ablation of the IC was performed in rats aged between postnatal day 1 (P1) and maturity. All the rats were given injections of Fluoro-Gold (FG) into the ipsilateral IC at birth (P0) (before the(More)
Mucous neck cells (MNCs) of the fundic gland are phylogenetically thought to have first appeared in amphibians. We studied the origin and differentiation of MNCs in fundic glands of Xenopus laevis. By means of lectin histochemical methods using Griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin-II (GSA-II), MNCs were detected specifically in fundic glands of adult X.(More)
The objective of this experiment was to determine whether changes in liver cholesterol content, plasma lipids and lipoprotein composition result from dietary manganese (Mn) deficiency in the Sprague-Dawley (SD) and the Wistar (W) rat. Weanling rats of both strains were fed Mn-deficient (1 ppm Mn) or Mn-adequate (45 ppm Mn) diets for 10 wk. After the 10-wk(More)
A monoclonal antibody against insect CALNUC was shown to recognize an 85-kDa nuclear protein specifically in mammalian cells. Amino acid sequencing of the protein purified from rat liver revealed it to be EWS, a prooncoprotein for Ewing sarcomas and related tumors. Using the antibody, distribution of EWS was studied in rat tissues fixed with 4%(More)
Characterization of gastric Na+/I- symporter (NIS) of the rat was carried out. Sequencing of the open reading frame of gastric NIS mRNA showed only three nucleotide changes when compared with FRTL-5 NIS cDNA, and two of these changes led to amino acid changes. The results of Northern blot analysis showed that abundant NIS mRNA was expressed in the stomach(More)
We investigated the localization of polysialic acid (PSA), neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) in adult rat retina by using immunofluorescence with a confocal laser scanning microscope. Western blot analysis showed a typical broad smear of PSA and isoforms of NCAM (120, 140, and 180 kD). PSA(More)