Jun-ichi Iwamoto

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The present study sought to establish a standard third-line eradication regimen for Helicobacter pylori in Japan. Subjects were 204 patients with H. pylori infection in whom the standard Japanese first- and second-line eradication therapies had proven unsuccessful. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following third-line eradication therapy(More)
UNLABELLED Bezafibrate is a widely used hypolipidemic agent and is known as a ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Recently this agent has come to be recognized as a potential anticholestatic medicine for the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) that does not respond sufficiently to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)(More)
To date, many studies have been conducted using 25-hydroxycholesterol, which is a potent regulator of lipid metabolism. However, the origins of this oxysterol have not been entirely elucidated. Cholesterol 25-hydroxylase is one of the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of 25-hydroxycholesterol, but the expression of this enzyme is very low in humans.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The mannose-binding lectin (MBL) gene was reported to play an important role in determining the clinical outcome of persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We investigated serum MBL concentrations and MBL gene mutations to determine whether they were related to the prognosis of patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) caused by(More)
OBJECTIVE Destruction of the extracellular matrix is essential for tumor invasion and metastasis. The relationship between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and destruction of the extracellular matrix is not yet clear. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays an important role in the destruction of the extracellular matrix and basement(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) play an important role in the destruction of the extracellular matrix and basement membrane. The induction of uPA and uPAR in the gastric cancer cells with H. pylori has been demonstrated previously. The involvement of COX-2-PGE2 pathway in the uPA system (uPA and uPAR) expression(More)
In acute inflammatory condition, little is known about the expression of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) in the gastric fibroblasts. To clarify the role of human gastric fibroblasts in acute inflammatory conditions such as gastric ulcer, the effects of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α on the(More)
The risks of peptic ulcer complications increase in association with low-dose aspirin (LDA) use. The endoscopic findings and clinical features of gastroduodenal ulcer have not been thoroughly investigated in patients taking LDA. We classified 1,041 gastroduodenal ulcer patients into three groups [patients taking LDA (group A), patients taking nonaspirin(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that the downregulation of pregnane X receptor (PXR) may contribute to the susceptibility and exacerbation of Crohn's disease (CD). Because bile acid malabsorption is one of the features of CD and bile acids are potential activators of PXR, we explored the relationship between bile acid malabsorption and PXR(More)