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Observations of rapid shifts in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants between generations prompted the creation of the bottleneck theory. A prevalent hypothesis is that a massive reduction in mtDNA content during early oogenesis leads to the bottleneck. To test this, we estimated the mtDNA copy number in single germline cells and in single somatic cells of(More)
Pathogenic mutations in mtDNAs have been shown to be responsible for expression of respiration defects and resultant expression of mitochondrial diseases. This study directly addressed the issue of gene therapy of mitochondrial diseases by using nuclear transplantation of zygotes of transmitochondria mice (mito-mice). Mito-mice expressed respiration defects(More)
BACKGROUND Thymic carcinoma is a rare tumor. Limited data are available regarding the effectiveness of treatment and the prognosis of thymic carcinoma. The present study aimed to clarify the prognostic factors in patients who underwent resection. METHODS The study retrospectively reviewed 21 patients (15 men, 6 women) with thymic carcinoma who had(More)
BACKGROUND There have been a number of recent reports on the use of autologous bone marrow implantation (BMI) in the treatment of peripheral arterial disease, with a clinical response rate of approximately 70%. However, the factors that influence efficacy have not yet been clarified. We have analyzed the relationship between the number of implanted bone(More)
Mitochondrial energy production is involved in various cellular processes. Here we show that ATP content is significantly increased in lineage-restricted progenitor cells compared with hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) or more differentiated cells. Transplantation analysis using a mouse model of mitochondrial disease revealed that(More)
  • J Hayashi
  • 1994
rho 0 HeLa cells entirely lacking mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and mitochondrial transfection techniques were used to examine intermitochondrial interactions between mitochondria with and without mtDNA, and also between those with wild-type (wt) and mutant-type mtDNA in living human cells. First, unambiguous evidence was obtained that the DNA-binding dyes(More)
Mitochondria exist in networks that are continuously remodeled through fusion and fission. Why do individual mitochondria in living cells fuse and divide continuously? Protein machinery and molecular mechanism for the dynamic nature of mitochondria have been almost clarified. However, the biological significance of the mitochondrial fusion and fission(More)
To determine zygosity in transgenic (Tg) mice, a new technology, real-time quantitative PCR, has recently been introduced in transgenic research to overcome several drawbacks (time-consuming, specialized techniques and/or ambiguity in the results) of previously established methods, for example, Southern blot hybridization, dot blot hybridization,(More)
LETM1 is located in the chromosomal region that is deleted in patients suffering Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome; it encodes a homolog of the yeast protein Mdm38 that is involved in mitochondrial morphology. Here, we describe the LETM1-mediated regulation of the mitochondrial volume and its interaction with the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase BCS1L that is responsible(More)
A 45-year-old male, who had been indicated by brain magnetic resonance imaging to have cerebral infarctions, was found by echocardiography to have a tumor in the left atrium. He had experienced several of the constitutional disturbances associated with myxoma. At the ages of 19 and 35 he had had two episodes associated with embolisms, and at the later one(More)