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Viperin is an interferon-inducible protein that inhibits the replication of a variety of viruses by apparently diverse mechanisms. In some circumstances, it also plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways. Its expression in mitochondria, revealed by infection with human cytomegalovirus, also affects cellular metabolic pathways. We review here the(More)
Viperin is an interferon-inducible protein that is directly induced in cells by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. Why HCMV would induce viperin, which has antiviral activity, is unknown. We show that HCMV-induced viperin disrupts cellular metabolism to enhance the infectious process. Viperin interaction with the viral protein vMIA resulted in viperin(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been shown to induce increased lipogenesis in infected cells, and this is believed to be required for proper virion envelopment. We show here that this increase is a consequence of the virus-induced redistribution of the host protein viperin to mitochondria and its capacity to interact with and block the function of the(More)
The global use of a capsular polysaccharide-based pneumococcal vaccine has been limited because of serotype-specific protection and poor effectiveness in individuals with low immunocompetency. The mucosal immune system develops earlier in infants and lasts longer in the elderly than does the systemic immune system. Furthermore, mucosal immunization is(More)
The assembly of herpesvirus remains incompletely defined due to the structural complexity of these viruses. Although the assembly of the capsid of these large DNA viruses is well studied and reasonably well conserved for all members of this diverse family of viruses, the cytoplasmic processes of tegumentation and envelopment are not well understood. The(More)
A highly efficient lambda phage recombination system previously utilized for studies of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-maintained mouse chromosomal DNA was adapted for the study of the role of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded pp28 (UL99) in virus replication. Incorporating a two-step mutagenesis strategy with blue/white selection in Escherichia(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL99-encoded pp28 is an essential tegument protein required for envelopment and production of infectious virus. Nonenveloped virions accumulate in the cytoplasm of cells infected with recombinant viruses with the UL99 gene deleted. Previous results have suggested that a key function of pp28 in the envelopment of infectious HCMV(More)
The human cytomegalovirus UL99 open reading frame encodes a 190-amino-acid (aa) tegument protein, pp28, that is myristoylated and phosphorylated. pp28 is essential for assembly of infectious virus, and nonenveloped virions accumulate in the cytoplasm of cells infected with recombinant viruses with a UL99 deletion. pp28 is localized to the endoplasmic(More)
MCRS1 is involved in multiple cellular activities, including mitotic spindle assembly, mTOR signaling and tumorigenesis. Although MCRS1 has been reported to bind to the dynein regulator NDE1, a functional interaction between MCRS1 and cytoplasmic dynein remains unaddressed. Here, we demonstrate that MCRS1 is required for dynein-dependent cargo transport to(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a multifaceted hematopoietic cytokine and the culture of mouse bone marrow with GM-CSF produces a variety of myeloid cells including granulocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. In the present study, we cultured mouse splenocytes with GM-CSF and examined the changes in hematopoietic cell(More)