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OBJECTIVES Concerns over dietary exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor, have been raised because BPA is contained in resins and plastics commonly used for the preservation of food and beverages. The purpose of the present study was to assess daily intake levels of BPA in a group of male subjects by measuring total urinary BPA (free BPA plus(More)
This study estimated the dietary intakes of 25 pairs of Japanese children and their parents to 12 toxic and essential trace elements using 7-day duplicate diet composites. The estimated intakes of lead (children = 5.34 microg day-1, adults = 6.74 microg day-1) and tin (162 and 152 microg day-1) were below tolerable limits, but large difference in aluminium(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the levels of prenatal exposure to phthalate ester and PAHs and birth outcomes among 149 Japanese pregnant women. Urinary concentrations of 9 phthalate ester metabolites, mono methyl phthalate (MMP), mono ethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), mono benzyl phthalate (MBzP),(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objectives were (1) to evaluate whether single spot urine is suitable media for longer-term phthalate esters exposure assessment, and (2) to estimate intake level of phthalate esters of Japanese pregnant women using urinary metabolites as an indicator of prenatal exposure level in their offspring. METHODS We analyzed nine metabolites (MMP,(More)
Phthalate esters and phosphate esters in samples of indoor air from 27 houses in the Tokyo Metropolitan area were quantified using gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer and gas chromatograph/flame photometric detector after adsorption on to charcoal and solvent extraction. The median concentrations of diethyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butylbenzyl(More)
The relationships among element concentrations (Na, Mg, Al, P, K, Ca, Cr, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Sr, total Hg, organic Hg, inorganic Hg, Pb) and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios (13C/12C and 15N/14N) in animals consumed by the people called Gidra, who inhabit the lowland of Papua New Guinea, were examined. Animals analyzed included mammal, bird, fish,(More)
  • J Yoshinaga
  • 1996
General analytical procedures for determination of trace elements in clinical samples (serum, urine, milk, organs and bone) by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and ICP mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) are described. Minerals and major trace elements can be simultaneously determined only after 10-20 fold dilution, which is preceded(More)
OBJECTIVE The daily bisphenol A (BPA) intake level of Japanese pregnant women was surveyed based on the measurement of the urinary excretion level of a BPA metabolite. METHODS Spot urine samples were collected from 56 pregnant women who visited the gynecology division of a hospital for a routine health check between June and October 2003. The urinary(More)
The association between oxidative stress and exposure to environmental chemicals was assessed in a group of Japanese preschool children. The concentrations of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP), inorganic arsenic (iAs) and monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), and cotinine in spot urine samples, collected from 134 children (3-6 yrs) from(More)
Two different samples of serum were prepared from a blood specimen by using two types of serum-separation tubes. Each serum sample was diluted by 100 times with deionized and sub-boiling distilled water. Thirty-six elements in the serum and exudate, from devices used for the serum preparation, were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(More)