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Supporting continuous sensing applications on mobile phones is challenging because of the resource demands of long-term sensing, inference and communication algorithms. We present the design, implementation and evaluation of the <i>Jigsaw continuous sensing engine</i>, which balances the performance needs of the application and the resource demands of(More)
Teleosts comprise more than half of all vertebrate species and have adapted to a variety of marine and freshwater habitats. Their genome evolution and diversification are important subjects for the understanding of vertebrate evolution. Although draft genome sequences of two pufferfishes have been published, analysis of more fish genomes is desirable. Here(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) secondary to ischemic injury remains a common and potentially devastating problem. A transcriptome-wide interrogation strategy was used to identify renal genes that are induced very early after renal ischemia, whose protein products might serve as novel biomarkers for ARF. Seven genes that are upregulated >10-fold were identified,(More)
BACKGROUND A single serum creatinine measurement cannot distinguish acute kidney injury from chronic kidney disease or prerenal azotemia. OBJECTIVE To test the sensitivity and specificity of a single measurement of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and other urinary proteins to detect acute kidney injury in a spectrum of patients.(More)
To understand the molecular mechanism regulating meristem development in the monocot rice (Oryza sativa), we describe here the isolation and characterization of three floral organ number4 (fon4) alleles and the cloning of the FON4 gene. The fon4 mutants showed abnormal enlargement of the embryonic and vegetative shoot apical meristems (SAMs) and the(More)
Acute renal failure secondary to ischemic injury remains a common problem, with limited and unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was recently shown to be one of the maximally induced genes early in the postischemic kidney. In this study, the role of NGAL in ischemic renal injury was explored. Intravenous(More)
Despite the critical need for iron in many cellular reactions, deletion of the transferrin pathway does not block organogenesis, suggesting the presence of alternative methods to deliver iron. We show that a member of the lipocalin superfamily (24p3/Ngal) delivers iron to the cytoplasm where it activates or represses iron-responsive genes. Iron unloading(More)
Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) RAP2.2 (At3g14230) is an APETALA2/ethylene response factor-type transcription factor that belongs to the same subfamily as the rice (Oryza sativa) submergence tolerance gene SUB1A. RAP2.2 is expressed at constitutively high levels in the roots and at lower levels in the shoots, where it is induced by darkness. Effector(More)
We propose an effective adaptive null-forming scheme for two nearby microphones in endfire orientation that are used in digital hearing aids and in many other hearing devices. This adaptive null-forming scheme is mainly based on an adaptive combination of two fixed polar patterns that act to make the null of the combined polar pattern of the system output(More)