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Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) induces osteoclast formation from hematopoietic cells via regulation of various transcription factors. Here, we show that MafB negatively regulates RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation. Expression levels of MafB are significantly reduced by RANKL during osteoclastogenesis. Overexpression of MafB(More)
Recent studies suggest that the intracoronary administration of bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may improve left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there is still argumentative for the safety and efficacy of MSCs in the AMI setting. We thus performed a randomized pilot study to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SCM) is characterized by a transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to emotional and physical stress. There are limited data about the clinical characteristics in Korean patients. We sought to clarify the clinical features and prognosis in patients with SCM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We reviewed(More)
Tumorigenic potential of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is an important issue in clinical applications. Despite many efforts, PSC-derived neural precursor cells (NPCs) have repeatedly induced tumors in animal models even though pluripotent cells were not detected. We found that polysialic acid-neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM)(-) cells among(More)
The imaging capability of optical coherence microscopy (OCM) has great potential to be used in neuroscience research because it is able to visualize anatomic features of brain tissue without labeling or external contrast agents. However, the field of view of OCM is still narrow, which dilutes the strength of OCM and limits its application. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We evaluated the effectiveness of genotype- and phenotype-directed individualization of P2Y12 inhibitors to decrease high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HOPR). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Sixty-five patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes were randomly assigned to genotype-(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Transradial coronary angiography and intervention are increasing in frequency due to lower major vascular access site complications and the potential for early mobilization. However, the small size of the radial artery (RA) is a major limitation of this technique. A sheathless guiding catheter (GC) has recently been introduced that(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Stented segment length is a predictive factor for restenosis and stent thrombosis still in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era, and the benefit of routine intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether IVUS-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) improved the vascular(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine if urinary levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanine (8-OHdG) could be used as markers of the oxidative stress in significant coronary artery disease (CAD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS We conducted a case-control study in 104 subjects assessed by coronary(More)
BACKGROUND A syndrome variously combining peripheral neuropathy, visceromegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS syndrome) is a rare variant of plasma cell dyscrasia with multisystemic manifestations. Acute ischemic strokes in patients with POEMS syndrome have rarely been reported, and the pathophysiologic mechanism of this(More)