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Leptin is detected in the sera, and leptin receptors are expressed in the cerebrum of mouse embryos, suggesting that leptin plays a role in cerebral development. Compared with the wild type, leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice had fewer cells at embryonic day (E) 16 and E18 and had fewer 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine(+) cells at E14 and E16 in the neuroepithelium.(More)
The external globus pallidus (GP) is known as a relay nucleus of the indirect pathway of the basal ganglia. Recent studies in dopamine-depleted and healthy rats indicate that the GP comprises two main types of pallidofugal neurons: the so-called “prototypic” and “arkypallidal” neurons. However, the reconstruction of complete arkypallidal neurons in healthy(More)
Leptin is a hormone that reduces food intake and increases energy expenditure by acting on the arcuate nucleus in the hypothalamus. Recent studies indicated that the neuronal circuit related to food intake in the hypothalamus is formed in the neonatal period and that leptin is necessary for the formation of this circuit. Our studies have further suggested(More)
Brain weight and size are known to be reduced in adult leptin-deficient Lep/Lep (OB) mice when compared with the wild-type (+/+) mice (C57BL/6: B6). We here analyzed leptin's effects on myelination by examining morphometrically the myelin sheath (MS) in the cerebrum of postnatal day (P) 14 and P28 OB that had received leptin 1 nmol/capita/day from P7 to P14(More)
In the present study to analyze the role of ACTH in fetal tissues and organs, we observed the expression of melanocortin type 2 (MC2) and 5 (MC5) receptors in ICR mouse embryos from E11.5 to E18.5 by immunohistochemistry. In the adrenal gland and testis, both receptors were expressed from E13.5 to E18.5. In the genital ridge and the ovary, melanocortin type(More)
Our previous study showed that the pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, Gi2, is selectively localized in the ventricular zone of embryonic brains, where the neuroepithelial cells undergo active proliferation. In order to clarify the role of Gi2 in this site, we first administered pertussis toxin by an exo-utero manipulation method into the lateral ventricle(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin, which is an obese gene product, decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure in adults. In our previous study, leptin was found to maintain neural stem cells and/or progenitor cells, preferentially astrocyte/oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, whereas it reduces the proportion of oligodendrocyte lineage-restricted precursor cells. It(More)
The long form of the leptin receptor (Ob-Rb) has a cytoplasmic domain which activates the JAK-STAT signal transduction pathway. It is related to appetite and energy expenditure and is expressed in various parts of the brain in adults. In embryos, however, the detailed distribution of Ob-Rb expression sites and the function of the leptin-Ob-Rb system remain(More)
Morphometric and histological studies of the pons were performed by light microscopy in 28 cases of externally normal human fetuses ranging from 90 to 246 mm in crown-rump length (CRL) and from 13 to 28 weeks of gestation. The brainstems of fetuses were embedded in celloidin or paraffin, and transverse sections were prepared. The pons was divided into two(More)
Leptin is an obese gene product that decreases appetite and raises energy expenditure in adults. We previously reported that leptin was detected in the sera of mouse embryos and leptin receptors were expressed in the mouse embryonic cerebrum, suggesting that leptin plays a role in cerebral development. In this study, we injected leptin into the lateral(More)