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Basic fibroblast growth factor-responsive neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from adult rat hippocampus were earlier demonstrated to generate neurons and glia. These stem-cell-derived neurons express GABA, acetylcholinesterase, tyrosine hydroxylase, or calbindin. It has not been clear, however, whether or not these stem-cell-derived neurons are able to form(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the abilities of recombinant adenovirus carrying the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene to (1) produce bFGF protein in vitro and (2) rescue retinal photoreceptors in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats in vivo. METHODS Cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells were infected with one of the following two(More)
BACKGROUND Different perforation rates for cervical pedicle screws by disease are expected in relation to bone quality and pedicle morphology; however, no report comparing pedicle screw perforation rate by disease had previously been published. This study investigated the perforation rates of pedicle screws inserted to cervical pedicle by disease and(More)
Anuran amphibians, such as Xenopus laevis, can regenerate their limbs only when they are young tadpoles, whereas urodele amphibians have a regenerative ability throughout their lives. It is still unclear whether anuran and urodele use the same mechanism during regeneration. In the present study, we analyzed intercalary and supernumerary regeneration in(More)
We investigated the proliferation of neuronal progenitor cells by labeling dividing cells by systemic application of the thymidine analog 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) during transient forebrain ischemia in mice. At 3 (n=6), 7 (n=6), 10 (n=6), and 17 days (n=6) after reperfusion, BrdU-labeled cells were detected in the dentate gyrus and paraventricle lesion.(More)
SUMMARY The purpose of this study was to evaluate asymptomatic embolisms during cerebral endovascular surgery for cerebrovascular diseases with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) which allowed sensitive and early detection of cerebral ischemic lesions. 71 patients who underwent a total of 74 cerebral endovascular procedures were subjected(More)
OBJECT The authors present a retrospective analysis of their experience in the treatment of vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneurysms and propose a management strategy for such aneurysms, with special emphasis on the most formidable VA dissecting aneurysms, which involve the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). METHODS Since 1998,(More)
Many antipsychotic drugs cause QT prolongation, although the effect differs based on the particular drug. We sought to determine the potential for antipsychotic drugs to prolong the QTc interval (>470 ms in men and >480 ms in women) using the Bazett formula in a "real-world" setting by analyzing the electrocardiograms of 1017 patients suffering from(More)
To determine the possible therapeutic potential of neural stem cells (NSCs) introduced into the damaged central nervous system, we grafted adult hippocampus-derived NSCs into the hippocampus of rats with transient global ischemia. Transient four-vessel occlusion yielded 90-95% losses of pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region. In this region, 1-3%(More)
A 52-year-old right handed man presented with medically intractable partial seizures consisting of numbness on the left upper back spreading to the left upper as well as lower limbs. Head computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a round calcified lesion in the depth of the superior ramus of the right sylvian fissure. Ictal(More)