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Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the central nervous system are considered as congenital disorders. They are composed of abnormally developed dilated arteries and veins and are characterized microscopically by the absence of a capillary network. We previously reported DNA fragmentation and increased expression of apoptosis-related factors in AVM(More)
Anuran amphibians, such as Xenopus laevis, can regenerate their limbs only when they are young tadpoles, whereas urodele amphibians have a regenerative ability throughout their lives. It is still unclear whether anuran and urodele use the same mechanism during regeneration. In the present study, we analyzed intercalary and supernumerary regeneration in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the abilities of recombinant adenovirus carrying the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene to (1) produce bFGF protein in vitro and (2) rescue retinal photoreceptors in Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats in vivo. METHODS Cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells were infected with one of the following two(More)
OBJECT The authors present a retrospective analysis of their experience in the treatment of vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneurysms and propose a management strategy for such aneurysms, with special emphasis on the most formidable VA dissecting aneurysms, which involve the origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). METHODS Since 1998,(More)
OBJECT To elucidate an optimal managenent strategy for unruptured paraclinoid aneurysms, the authors retrospectively reviewed their experience in the treatment of 100 patients who underwent 112 procedures for111 paraclinoid aneurysms performed using direct surgery and/or endovascular treatment. METHODS Between 1997 and 2002, 111 unruptured paraclinoid(More)
OBJECT The authors evaluated the efficacy of a new flow reduction strategy for giant partially thrombosed upper basilar artery (BA) aneurysms, for which proximal parent artery occlusion is not always effective. METHODS Eight consecutive patients with severely symptomatic, partially thrombosed, giant upper BA aneurysms were treated with a tailored flow(More)
BACKGROUNDS Although prevention of hematoma enlargement and thromboembolic complications is critically important in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients with prosthetic heart valves, clinical data are scarce. The goal of this study was to elucidate patient characteristics, acute treatments, and the clinical course of them. METHODS We investigated(More)
—In this paper, we propose and evaluate an anticipatory stigmergy model for traffic management. Recently, dynamic coordination methods are becoming possible using the more short-term traffic information that can be provided by probe-vehicle information or smart phones. Some approaches have been trying to handle short-term traffic information in which a(More)