Jun Sunayama

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Life and death decisions are made by integrating a variety of apoptotic and survival signals in mammalian cells. Therefore, there is likely to be a common mechanism that integrates multiple signals adjudicating between the alternatives. In this study, we propose that 14-3-3 represents such an integration point. Several proapoptotic proteins commonly become(More)
Targeted gene disruption studies have established that the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is required for the stress-induced release of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apoptosis, and that the Bax subfamily of Bcl-2-related proteins is essential for JNK-dependent apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which JNK regulates Bax has remained unsolved. Here we(More)
Control of the cancer stem/initiating cell population is considered key to realizing the long-term survival of glioblastoma patients. Recently, we demonstrated that FOXO3 activation is sufficient to induce differentiation of glioma-initiating cells having stem-like properties and inhibit their tumor-initiating potential. Here we identified metformin, an(More)
The molecular signaling pathways orchestrating the biology of cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs), including glioblastoma, remain to be elucidated. We investigated in this study the role of the MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the control of self-renewal and tumorigenicity of glioblastoma CSLCs, particularly in relation to the PI3K/mTOR(More)
Glioblastoma is one of the most aggressive types of human cancer, with invariable and fatal recurrence even after multimodal intervention, for which cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) are now being held responsible. Our recent findings indicated that combinational inhibition of phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and(More)
AbstractBcl-2 homology domain (BH) 3-only proteins of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 subfamily play a key role as initiators of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. To date, at least 10 mammalian BH3-only proteins have been identified, and it is now being realized that they have different roles and mechanisms of regulation in the transduction of apoptotic signals to(More)
Overcoming the resistance of glioblastoma cells against temozolomide, the first-line chemotherapeutic agent of choice for newly diagnosed glioblastoma, is a major therapeutic challenge in the management of this deadly brain tumor. The gene encoding O(6) -methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), which removes the methyl group attached by temozolomide, is(More)
Control of stem cell state and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells is essential for proper development of the nervous system. EGF and FGF2 play important roles in the control of neural stem/progenitor cells, but the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. Here we show, using in vitro primary cultures of mouse neural stem/progenitor cells,(More)
Glioblastoma, the most intractable cerebral tumor, is highly lethal. Recent studies suggest that cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) have the capacity to repopulate tumors and mediate radio- and chemoresistance, implying that future therapies may need to turn from the elimination of rapidly dividing, but differentiated, tumor cells to specifically targeting the(More)
After translation, Ras proteins undergo a series of modifications at their C-termini. This post-translational C-terminal processing is essential for Ras to become functional, but it remains unknown whether and how Ras C-terminal processing is regulated. Here we show that the C-terminal processing and subsequent plasma membrane localization of H-Ras as well(More)