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— We propose a game theoretic pricing mechanism for statistically guaranteed service in packet-switched networks. The mechanism provides congestion control, differentiated qualities of service, and efficient resource allocation. For users, the mechanism offers better quality and lower price. Service providers can base new service and revenue models within(More)
Female reproductive aging in rats is characterized by reduced gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal activation under estradiol positive feedback conditions and a delayed and attenuated luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. The newly identified excitatory neuropeptide kisspeptin is proposed to be a critical mediator of the pubertal transition and the(More)
Age-related LH surge dysfunction in middle-aged rats is characterized, in part, by reduced responsiveness to estradiol (E2)-positive feedback and reduced hypothalamic kisspeptin neurotransmission. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus project to hypothalamic regions that house kisspeptin neurons. Additionally, middle-age(More)
Progesterone (P) and its ring A-reduced metabolites regulate sexual behavior in ovariectomized, estrogen-primed female rats when they are administered intracerebrally and systemically. The present study tested the hypothesis that the MAPK pathway participates in P facilitation and sequential inhibition of sexual behavior. The role of MAPK in lordosis(More)
To determine the survival and differentiation of cultured Human amniotic cells (HACs) upon transplantation into the brain of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine(MPTP)-induced Parkinson disease (PD) mice. Mouse model of PD was established with injections of MPTP (15 mg/kg, fourth, 2 h interval). After being labeled with PKH26, HACs isolated from(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of extracting gene regulation information from microarray data for cancer classification. From the biological viewpoint, a model of gene regulation probability is established where three types of gene regulation states in a tissue sample are assumed and then two regulation events correlated with the class distinction(More)
(1) Neurogenesis driven by neural stem cells (NSCs) is regulated by physiological and pathological factors. Melatonin (MT) has profound neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects. Hence, we studied the role of MT in regulating the viability and differentiation of NSCs derived from rat ventral midbrain. (2) NSCs were isolated from the rat ventral midbrain. The(More)
Astragalus polysaccharides (APS), one of main bioactive components in Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory activities, but the molecular mechanisms behind this activity are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate expression of inflammatory cytokines and the MAPK/NF-κB pathway in human THP-1 macrophages(More)
Reproductive success depends on a robust and appropriately timed preovulatory LH surge. The LH surge, in turn, requires ovarian steroid modulation of GnRH neuron activation by the neuropeptide kisspeptin and glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in the medial preoptic area (mPOA). Middle-aged females exhibit reduced excitation of(More)
—We use game theorectic models to show the lack of incentives in the TCP congestion avoidance algorithm and the consequential system-wide network problems. We then propose a Vickery-Clark-Groves (VCG) mechanism-based access control mechanism for packet traffic. Our mechanism is called " Smart Pay Access Control (SPAC). " We prove both the incentive(More)