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BACKGROUND As screening central nervous system (CNS) imaging is not routinely performed, the incidence and clinical relevance of occult CNS metastases in advanced breast cancer is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients screened for participation in one of four clinical trials were included; each of the trials excluded patients with known CNS(More)
Maintenance of DNA integrity is crucial for all cell types, but neurons are particularly sensitive to mutations in DNA repair genes, which lead to both abnormal development and neurodegeneration. We describe a previously unknown autosomal recessive disease characterized by microcephaly, early-onset, intractable seizures and developmental delay (denoted(More)
Influenza B virus hemagglutinin (HA) is a major surface glycoprotein with frequent amino acid substitutions. However, the roles of antibody selection in the amino acid substitutions of HA were still poorly understood. In order to gain insights into this important issue, an analysis was conducted on a total of 271 HA1 sequences of influenza B virus strains(More)
PURPOSE Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is caused primarily by pathogenic variants in genes encoding sarcomere proteins. We report genetic testing results for HCM in 2,912 unrelated individuals with nonsyndromic presentations from a broad referral population over 10 years. METHODS Genetic testing was performed by Sanger sequencing for 10 genes from 2004(More)
Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by the loss of sensory hair cells and neurons of the inner ear. Once lost, these cell types are not replaced. Two genes expressed in the developing inner ear are c-Myc and Sox2. We created immortalized multipotent otic progenitor (iMOP) cells, a fate-restricted cell type, by transient expression of C-MYC in(More)
To access the potential roles of NF-kappaB-dependent pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-8(IL-8), in oral lichen planus (OLP), and to explore whether salivary detection of these cytokines is a better monitoring tool than serum for OLP, 30 Chinese patients with OLP and 30(More)
Considerable correlative evidence suggests an important role for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in menstruation, a process which occurs naturally in very few species. In this study, MMP expression was examined in a mouse model of endometrial breakdown and repair and the functional importance of MMPs determined. In the model, progesterone support was(More)