Learn More
BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and countries. The GBD can be used to generate summary(More)
BACKGROUND Remarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely measurements of levels and trends in under-5 mortality are important to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target of reduction of child mortality by two thirds from 1990 to 2015, and(More)
BACKGROUND China has experienced a remarkable epidemiological and demographic transition during the past three decades. Far less is known about this transition at the subnational level. Timely and accurate assessment of the provincial burden of disease is needed for evidence-based priority setting at the local level in China. METHODS Following the methods(More)
BACKGROUND Timely assessment of the burden of HIV/AIDS is essential for policy setting and programme evaluation. In this report from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we provide national estimates of levels and trends of HIV/AIDS incidence, prevalence, coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and mortality for 195 countries and(More)
Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a pulmonary disease of unknown etiology that predominantly affects East Asians, particularly Japanese with a prevalence of 0.00028. Research has shown that HLA-B54 and HLA-A11 are positively associated with this disease. HLA-A, -B, and -DR loci were analyzed using an oligonucleotide microarray in both Chinese patients with(More)
High altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) severely affects non-acclimatized individuals and is characterized by alveolar flooding with protein-rich oedema as a consequence of blood-gas barrier disruption. Limited choice for prophylactic treatment warrants effective therapy against HAPE. Keratinocyte growth factor-2 (KGF-2) has shown efficiency in preventing(More)
# The institutions are not one after another. ABSTRACT Hypoxia and exertion are considered as the two main factors in the development of High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) but its pathophysiology remains unclear. Therefore, we established a model in which 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to normoxic rest, hypoxic rest, normoxic exercise and(More)
Autophagy, a type II programmed cell death, is essential for cell survival under stress, e.g. lung injury, and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have great potential for cell therapy. However, the mechanisms underlying the BM-MSC activation of autophagy to provide a therapeutic effect in ischaemia/reperfusion-induced lung injury (IRI)(More)
Preservation or restoration of normal alveolar epithelial barrier function is crucial for pulmonary oedema resolution. Keratinocyte growth factor-2 (KGF-2), a potent epithelial cell mitogen, may have a role in preventing ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), which occurs frequently in mechanically ventilated patients. The aim of the study was to test the(More)
An important precursor to lung cancer development is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), independent of exposure to tobacco smoke. Both diseases are associated with increased host susceptibility, inflammation, and genomic instability. However, validation of the candidate genes and functional confirmation to test shared genetic contribution and(More)