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Recurrent seizure activity has been shown to induce a variety of permanent structural changes in the brain. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) function to promote neuronal plasticity, primarily through cleavage of extracellular matrix proteins. Here, we investigated the role of MMP-9 in the development of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced kindled seizure in(More)
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise, especially that from eccentric muscular work, often causes muscle tenderness, which is a kind of mechanical hyperalgesia. We developed an animal model of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) from eccentric muscular contraction (ECC) in rats and demonstrated the existence of muscle tenderness by means of behavioral pain tests(More)
Image distortion induced by the relative motion between an observer and the scene is an important cue for recovering the motion and the structure of the scene. It is known that the distortion in images can be described by transformation groups, such as Euclidean, ane and projective groups. In this paper, we investigate how the moments of image curves are(More)
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is quite common, but the mechanism for this phenomenon is still not understood; even the existence of muscle tenderness (mechanical hyperalgesia) has not been demonstrated in experimental models. We developed an animal model of DOMS by inducing eccentric contraction (lengthening contraction, ECC) to the extensor(More)
A homologue of the capsaicin receptor-nonselective cation channel was cloned from the rat kidney to investigate a mechanosensitive channel. We found this channel to be inactivated by membrane stretch and have designated it stretch-inactivated channel (SIC). SIC encodes a 563-amino acid protein with putative six transmembrane segments. The cDNA was expressed(More)
The maintenance of normoglycemia has been reported to reduce painful sensations in diabetic subjects. This suggests that lowering the tissue glucose concentration might inhibit the increased cutaneous nociceptor activities seen in a diabetic conditin. To test this hypothesis, we studied the effect of changing the glucose concentration in the superfusate of(More)
Rats rendered diabetic by streptozotocin (STZ) show allodynia and hyperalgesia and thus, have been offered as a model of pain in diabetic neuropathy. However, recent electrophysiological studies on these rats found that C-fiber nociceptors were not consistently hyperexcitable to mechanical stimulations by von Frey hairs and that there was no change in their(More)
Considerable long-standing controversy and confusion surround the phylogenetic affinities of pinnipeds, the largely marine group of "fin-footed" members of the placental mammalian order Carnivora. Until most recently, the two major competing hypotheses were that the pinnipeds have a single (monophyletic) origin from a bear-like ancestor, or that they have a(More)
The identification of circulating tumour cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood is a useful approach to estimate prognosis, monitor disease progression, and measure treatment effects in various malignancies. However, clinical relevance of CTCs is controversial. We attempted to detect viable CTCs in the peripheral blood of gastric cancer patients using a(More)