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BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that an increased intake of long-chain n-3 fatty acids protects against mortality from coronary artery disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that long-term use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is effective for prevention of major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients in Japan who consume(More)
Microbial sensory rhodopsins are a family of membrane-embedded photoreceptors in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Structures of archaeal rhodopsins, which function as light-driven ion pumps or photosensors, have been reported. We present the structure of a eubacterial rhodopsin, which differs from those of previously characterized archaeal rhodopsins(More)
This paper described the Guideline for Diagnosis and Management of Hyperlipidemias for Prevention of Atherosclerosis proposed by The Japan Atherosclerosis Society (JAS) Guideline Investigating Committee (1,995-2,000) under the auspices of the JAS Board of Directors. 1) The guideline defines the diagnostic criteria for serum total cholesterol (Table 1),(More)
BACKGROUND Fenofibrate lowers serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels while it elevates serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of fenofibrate on the particle size of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). METHODS Patients with hyperlipidemia (as defined by serum(More)
We describe here the successful establishment of a reverse genetics system for rotavirus (RV), a member of the Reoviridae family whose genome consists of 10-12 segmented dsRNA. The system is based on the recombinant vaccinia virus T7 RNA polymerase-driven procedure for supplying artificial viral mRNA in the cytoplasm. With the aid of helper virus (human RV(More)
A conformational change of the transducer HtrII upon photoexcitation of the associated photoreceptor sensory rhodopsin II (SRII) was investigated by monitoring the kinetics of volume changes and the diffusion coefficient (D) of the complex during the photochemical reaction cycle. To localize the region of the transducer responsible, we truncated it at(More)
Subclinical infection of chicken anemia virus (CAV) at 4 to 6 weeks of age, after maternal antibodies have waned, is implicated in several field problems in broiler flocks. In order to understand the pathogenesis of subclinical infection with CAV, an immunopathological study of CAV-inoculated 4-week-old SPF chickens was performed. Sixty 4-week-old SPF(More)
AIM The Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS) was the first prospective randomized clinical trial to demonstrate prevention of coronary events by pure eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between various plasma fatty acid concentrations and the risk of coronary events in JELIS participants. METHODS In(More)