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BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that an increased intake of long-chain n-3 fatty acids protects against mortality from coronary artery disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that long-term use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is effective for prevention of major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients in Japan who consume(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIβ (PI4KB) is a host factor required for genome RNA replication of enteroviruses, small non-enveloped viruses belonging to the family Picornaviridae. Here, we demonstrated that PI4KB is also essential for genome replication of another picornavirus, Aichi virus (AiV), but is recruited to the genome replication sites by a(More)
Polymorphisms and haplotypes at the adjacent apolipoprotein (apo) AI and CIII gene loci were investigated in 61 Japanese patients with triglycerides greater than 350 mg/dl and in 66 unrelated normolipidemic subjects. The polymorphic sites were the SstI site in the apoCIII 3′ untranslated region, whose presence has previously been shown to be associated with(More)
To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Japanese general population, we analyzed data from a nationwide survey conducted in 2000. According to the Japanese new diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome in 2005, we analyzed 3,264 people aged from 20 to 79 (men, 1,917; women, 1,347) from the total participants. The incidence of metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS) was a large-scale clinical trial examining the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on coronary artery disease (CAD) in hypercholesterolemic patients. Herein, we focused on risk factors other than low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) to investigate the effects of EPA on CAD among JELIS primary(More)
We studied the association of six common polymorphisms of four genes related to lipid metabolism with serum lipid levels. We selected single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes for cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic lipase (LIPC), and apolipoprotein CIII (APOC3), and studied 2267 individuals randomly(More)
Microbial sensory rhodopsins are a family of membrane-embedded photoreceptors in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Structures of archaeal rhodopsins, which function as light-driven ion pumps or photosensors, have been reported. We present the structure of a eubacterial rhodopsin, which differs from those of previously characterized archaeal rhodopsins(More)
We describe here the successful establishment of a reverse genetics system for rotavirus (RV), a member of the Reoviridae family whose genome consists of 10-12 segmented dsRNA. The system is based on the recombinant vaccinia virus T7 RNA polymerase-driven procedure for supplying artificial viral mRNA in the cytoplasm. With the aid of helper virus (human RV(More)
We characterize changes in isomeric states of the retinylidene chromophore during light-dark adaptation and photochemical reactions of Anabaena (Nostoc) sp. PCC7120 sensory rhodopsin (ASR). The results show that ASR represents a new type of microbial rhodopsin with a number of unusual characteristics. The three most striking are: (i) a primarily all-trans(More)