Jun-Sang Sunwoo

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A considerable portion of autoimmune encephalitis (AE) does not respond to conventional immunotherapies and subsequently has poor outcomes. We aimed to determine the efficacy of tocilizumab, an anti-interleukin-6 antibody, in rituximab-refractory AE compared with other treatment options. From an institutional cohort of AE, 91 patients with inadequate(More)
Contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) is one of the target antigens of voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC) complex antibodies. There has been relatively little information in the literature regarding CASPR2 autoimmunity, especially in Asian population. We investigated the presence of CASPR2 antibodies in patients with presumed autoimmune(More)
With the recent advancement in transcriptome-wide profiling approach, numerous non-coding transcripts previously unknown have been identified. Among the non-coding transcripts, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have received increasing attention for their capacity to modulate transcriptional regulation. Although alterations in the expressions of non-coding(More)
INTRODUCTION Lacosamide is a novel antiepileptic drug that acts mainly via the selective enhancement of slow inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels. It has been reported that lacosamide is effective and generally tolerable as an adjuvant treatment in patients with partial seizures. There are few reports regarding liver damage caused by lacosamide. We(More)
Genome-wide profiling has revealed that eukaryotic genomes are transcribed into numerous non-coding RNAs. In particular, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in various human diseases due to their biochemical and functional diversity. Epileptic disorders have been characterized by dysregulation of epigenetic regulatory mechanisms, and recent(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine efficacy and safety of rituximab treatment as a second-line immunotherapy treatment for autoimmune limbic encephalitis (ALE) and to determine factors associated with functional improvement and favorable outcome following rituximab treatment. METHODS We recruited 80 patients with ALE who were treated with rituximab as a second-line(More)
The use of lamotrigine (LTG) can be limited by the occurrence of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) that range from maculopapular eruption (MPE) to the more severe Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. A few human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-related genetic risk factors for carbamazepine-induced cADR have been identified. However, the(More)
Low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) restores the balance of regulatory and effector T cells. We aimed to determine the feasibility of low-dose IL-2 as a treatment for refractory autoimmune encephalitis (AE). Ten patients who had received low-dose IL-2 were retrospectively identified. We observed an improvement in the modified Rankin Scale scores of six patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the seizure characteristics and outcome after immunotherapy in adult patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) and new-onset seizure. METHODS Adult (age ≥18 years) patients with AE and new-onset seizure who underwent immunotherapy and were followed-up for at least 6 months were included. Seizure frequency was evaluated at 2-4 weeks(More)
Our data have shown that nitrite therapy can rescue the ischemic brain when injected <3h after cerebral ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury and its effects can be prolonged to 4.5h in combination with memantine. We investigated whether or not long-term nitrite therapy is beneficial in ischemic brains. Sodium nitrite (1-100 μg/kg ip) or saline were(More)