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BACKGROUND Although conventional CT scan-guided needle biopsy is an established diagnostic method for pulmonary lesions, few large studies have been conducted on the diagnostic outcomes of CT fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsy. We have conducted a retrospective analysis to evaluate the diagnostic outcomes of 1,000 CT fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsies performed(More)
The ADP-ribosylating toxins (ADPRTs) produced by pathogenic bacteria modify intracellular protein and affect eukaryotic cell function. Actin-specific ADPRTs (including Clostridium perfringens iota-toxin and Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin) ADP-ribosylate G-actin at Arg-177, leading to disorganization of the cytoskeleton and cell death. Although the(More)
Iota-toxin from Clostridium perfringens type E is an ADP-ribosylating toxin (ADPRT) that ADP-ribosylates actin, which is lethal and dermonecrotic in mammals. It is a binary toxin composed of an enzymatic component (Ia) and a binding component (Ib). Ia ADP-ribosylates G-actin at arginine 177, resulting in the depolymerization of the actin cytoskeleton. Here,(More)
PURPOSE The authors retrospectively evaluated the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of lung tumors close to the heart or aorta. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-two tumors (mean diameter, 25 mm +/- 16; range, 5-73 mm) located less than 10 mm from the heart or aorta were treated with radiofrequency ablation in 47 sessions. Lung(More)
Afferent fibers innervating the gastrointestinal tract have major roles in consciously evoked sensations including pain. However, little is known about the molecules involved in mechanonociception from the upper gastrointestinal tract. We recently reported that activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), a member of the(More)
Neuropathic pain that occurs after peripheral nerve injury is poorly controlled by current therapies. Increasing evidence shows that mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) play an important role in the induction and maintenance of neuropathic pain. Here we show that activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 5 (ERK5), also known as big(More)
The iota(a) component (i(a)) of Clostridium perfringens ADP ribosylates nonmuscle beta/gamma actin and skeletal muscle alpha-actin. Replacement of Arg-295 in i(a) with alanine led to a complete loss of NAD(+)-glycohydrolase (NADase) and ADP-ribosyltransferase (ARTase); that of the residue with lysine caused a drastic reduction in NADase and ARTase(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic air embolism is recognized as a potentially fatal but extremely rare complication following percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. However, its incidence might be underestimated by missing systemic air in patients without cardiac or cerebral symptoms. METHODS This study was based on four cases (one man and three women; age range, 54(More)
We describe two cases of intractable pneumothorax that were attributed to a bronchopleural fistula (BPF) after radiofrequency ablation of lung tumors. In both cases, radiofrequency ablation induced necrosis of the lung tissue between the pleural space and the bronchus. The bronchopleural fistula formed after sloughing of the necrotic tissue. Management of(More)
AIM To evaluate clinical outcomes and risk factors for endoscopic perforation during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in a prospective study. METHODS We investigated the clinical outcomes and risk factors for the development of perforation in 98 consecutive gastric neoplasms undergoing ESD regarding. Demographic and clinical parameters including(More)