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Recent studies have revealed the presence of intracellular lipid droplets in wide variety of species. In mammalian cells, there exist proteins specifically localize in lipid droplets. However, the protein profile in the droplet remains yet to be clarified. In this study, a fraction enriched with lipid droplets was isolated from a human hepatocyte cell line(More)
Intracellular amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondria were found to be the target both for amyloid precursor protein (APP) that accumulates in the mitochondrial import channels and for Aβ that interacts with several proteins inside mitochondria and leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we(More)
Family and twin studies have shown that genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of panic disorder. However, linkage and association studies using DNA markers have yielded inconclusive results. Increased serotonin neurotransmission may cause or be related to panic disorder. Assuming that genes regulating the serotonin system are involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Linkage and association studies of alcoholism using DNA makers have been conducted without conclusive results. The comorbidity of alcoholism with affective disorder indicates that dysfunction of the serotonergic system may play an important role in developing alcoholism. METHODS We studied the genetic association between alcoholism and alleles(More)
The hyperactivity of dopaminergic systems is one of the major etiological hypotheses of schizophrenia. The major support for this hypothesis is that effective antipsychotic drugs bind to dopamine receptors and improve acute schizophrenic symptoms. For this reason, we investigated the allelic association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms of the DRD2(More)
Penicillium citrinum was found to catalyze the reduction of methyl 4-bromo-3-oxobutyrate to methyl (S)-4-bromo-3-hydroxybutyrate [(S)-BHBM] with high optical purity. From the strain, a cDNA clone encoding a novel NADPH-dependent alkyl 4-halo-3-oxobutyrate reductase (KER) was isolated. Escherichia coli cells overexpressing KER produced (S)-BHBM in the(More)
Melatonin plays a critical role in a variety of mammalian reproductive processes not only acting on the central nervous system but also behaving as a peripheral physiologic regulator. To address the relevance of melatonin to the maintenance of pregnancy at the feto-maternal interface, we investigated the expression of two types of membrane melatonin(More)
Intrabody communication (IBC) is a promising technology that enables the improvement of digital healthcare devices. IBC uses the human body as a transmission media, and the accurate transmission model is important for the design of transceivers. In the measurements of transmission characteristics, baluns have been widely used to separate the grounds of(More)
To evaluate trophic biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in an estuary of the Ariake Sea, Japan, we measured concentrations of 209 PCB congeners and 28 PBDE congeners, and nitrogen stable isotope (δ(15)N) levels in living aquatic organisms. The trophic magnification factor (TMF) for ΣPCBs (all 209(More)
The method of conjugate-image impedance is used to design the matching network for the capacitive intra-body communication channel. Narrow passbands around 20 MHz are observed in the measured responses of the matched cases, where the transmission levels are about 20 dB higher than the unmatched ones. The method versatility is also validated.