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Intracellular amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondria were found to be the target both for amyloid precursor protein (APP) that accumulates in the mitochondrial import channels and for Aβ that interacts with several proteins inside mitochondria and leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we(More)
Family and twin studies have shown that genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of panic disorder. However, linkage and association studies using DNA markers have yielded inconclusive results. Increased serotonin neurotransmission may cause or be related to panic disorder. Assuming that genes regulating the serotonin system are involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE Family, twin, and adoption studies show attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to have a substantial genetic component, and some studies have reported an association between ADHD and the dopamine D4 (DRD4) gene. METHOD The authors recruited 27 triads that comprised an ADHD adult, his or her spouse, and their ADHD child. These triads(More)
It has been hypothesized that glutamatergic neurons play an important role in clinical manifestations of schizophrenia and that the therapeutic effect of antipsychotic drugs is related to glutamatergic neurotransmission. To elucidate the effect of antipsychotic drugs on glutamatergic transmission, we examined gene expressions of NMDA receptor subunits R1,(More)
The hyperactivity of dopaminergic systems is one of the major etiological hypotheses of schizophrenia. The major support for this hypothesis is that effective antipsychotic drugs bind to dopamine receptors and improve acute schizophrenic symptoms. For this reason, we investigated the allelic association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms of the DRD2(More)
Intrabody communication (IBC) is a promising technology that enables the improvement of digital healthcare devices. IBC uses the human body as a transmission media, and the accurate transmission model is important for the design of transceivers. In the measurements of transmission characteristics, baluns have been widely used to separate the grounds of(More)
BACKGROUND The suggestion has been made that neurological changes seen in the syndrome of chronic traumatic encephalopathy may be due to exogenous anabolic steroid use rather than traumatic brain injury. OBJECTIVE To determine whether administration of anabolic steroids alters the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury. METHODS Sixty adult male(More)
Actin reorganization in dendritic spines is hypothesized to underlie neuronal plasticity. Actin-related proteins, therefore, might serve as useful markers of plastic changes in dendritic spines. Here, we utilized memory deficits induced by fimbria-fornix transection (FFT) in rats as a dementia model to screen candidate memory-associated molecules by using a(More)
We assessed the gas dispersal potential of bedding articles used by 14 infants diagnosed with sudden unexpected infant death at autopsy. Of these cases, eight exhibited FiCO(2) values greater than 10% within 2.5 min, six of which were found prone and two supine. The results demonstrated that these eight beddings had a high rebreathing potential if they(More)
Penicillium citrinum was found to catalyze the reduction of methyl 4-bromo-3-oxobutyrate to methyl (S)-4-bromo-3-hydroxybutyrate [(S)-BHBM] with high optical purity. From the strain, a cDNA clone encoding a novel NADPH-dependent alkyl 4-halo-3-oxobutyrate reductase (KER) was isolated. Escherichia coli cells overexpressing KER produced (S)-BHBM in the(More)