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Family and twin studies have shown that genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of panic disorder. However, linkage and association studies using DNA markers have yielded inconclusive results. Increased serotonin neurotransmission may cause or be related to panic disorder. Assuming that genes regulating the serotonin system are involved in(More)
Recent studies have revealed the presence of intracellular lipid droplets in wide variety of species. In mammalian cells, there exist proteins specifically localize in lipid droplets. However, the protein profile in the droplet remains yet to be clarified. In this study, a fraction enriched with lipid droplets was isolated from a human hepatocyte cell line(More)
Intracellular amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondria were found to be the target both for amyloid precursor protein (APP) that accumulates in the mitochondrial import channels and for Aβ that interacts with several proteins inside mitochondria and leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we(More)
Melatonin plays a critical role in a variety of mammalian reproductive processes not only acting on the central nervous system but also behaving as a peripheral physiologic regulator. To address the relevance of melatonin to the maintenance of pregnancy at the feto-maternal interface, we investigated the expression of two types of membrane melatonin(More)
Sixty-two patients with schizophrenia and 96 normal controls were investigated for genetic association with restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) in the serotonin receptor genes. A positive association between the serotonin 2A receptor gene (HTR2A) and schizophrenia was found, but not between schizophrenia and the serotonin 1A receptor gene. The(More)
BACKGROUND Linkage and association studies of alcoholism using DNA makers have been conducted without conclusive results. The comorbidity of alcoholism with affective disorder indicates that dysfunction of the serotonergic system may play an important role in developing alcoholism. METHODS We studied the genetic association between alcoholism and alleles(More)
We examined the allelic association between the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene and alcoholism in 100 biologically unrelated Japanese alcoholics and 93 unrelated controls. Genomic DNA was prepared from peripheral white blood cells using the phenol-chloroform method. A 310-bp region surrounding the TaqA site at the DRD2 locus was amplified by polymerase(More)
We describe a method for simultaneous identification and quantitation of proteins within complex mixtures. The method consists of 18O-labeling, a simple stable isotope-coding that requires merely enzymatic digestion in 18O-water, in combination with a capillary-liquid chromatography electrospray ion-trap mass spectrometer. In a separate experiment using the(More)
The hyperactivity of dopaminergic systems is one of the major etiological hypotheses of schizophrenia. The major support for this hypothesis is that effective antipsychotic drugs bind to dopamine receptors and improve acute schizophrenic symptoms. For this reason, we investigated the allelic association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms of the DRD2(More)
It has been hypothesized that glutamatergic neurons play an important role in clinical manifestations of schizophrenia and that the therapeutic effect of antipsychotic drugs is related to glutamatergic neurotransmission. To elucidate the effect of antipsychotic drugs on glutamatergic transmission, we examined gene expressions of NMDA receptor subunits R1,(More)