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[reaction: see text] An efficient asymmetric synthesis of the vasopeptidase inhibitor BMS-189921 was accomplished. Two short enantioselective syntheses of the common key intermediate (S)-alpha-aminoazepinone 6b were developed. Olefin 3 was converted to 6b via asymmetric hydrogenation. Alternatively, enyne 12 was converted to racemic alpha-aminoazepinone(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the epidemiologic characteristics of traffic injuries among people over 60 years old in the Nan'an district (urban) and Jiangjin district (rural) of Chongqing, and to discuss the corresponding strategies for its prevention and cure. METHODS Records of traffic injuries in people over 60 years old registered by the traffic police between(More)
Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a new selective progesterone receptor (PR) modulator used for emergency contraception. However, our understanding of its mechanisms of action on oviductal cilia is limited. The present study focused on the in vitro effects of UPA (0.1, 1, and 10 μmol/L) on the cilia and steroid receptors of human fallopian tubes. The ciliary beat(More)
Excipients are largely used as inert vehicles in formulation. Recent studies indicated that some excipients could affect drug transport and disposition. But the effects of most excipients on drug metabolism are yet to be unveiled. To evaluate the actual action of pharmaceutical excipients in biotransformation, we examined the effects of 22 common excipients(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of pluronic F68 block copolymer on the P-gp-mediated transport of celiprolol (CEL) and CYP3A4-mediated formation of midazolam (MDZ) metabolite 1'-hydroxymidazolam. Over a range from 0.03 to 0.3%, pluronic F68 increased apical-to-basolateral permeability (AP-BL) and decreased basolateral-to-apical(More)
In rats we examined the effects of some common excipients on the intestinal absorption of ganciclovir (GCV), a BCS-III drug and substrate of P-gp, by assessing its in vitro transfer from mucosa to serosa and in situ transepithelial permeation. In vitro, all selected excipients (concentration range 0.1-1% [w/v]) could increase the transport amount of GCV in(More)
Nonionic surfactants are commonly used as excipients in pharmaceutical formulation, but recent studies demonstrate that the ingredients affect the pharmacokinetics of the active drugs. However, the mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we examined the effects of four common nonionic surfactants polysorbate 20, polyoxyl 35 castor oil, polyoxyl 40 stearate(More)
BACKGROUND Guanine-rich sequence of c-myc nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) III1 is known to fold in G-quadruplex and subsequently serves as a transcriptional silencer. Cellular nucleic-acid-binding protein (CNBP), a highly conserved zinc-finger protein with multiple biological functions, could bind to c-myc NHE III1 region, specifically to the single(More)
Our understanding of the effects of leptin have stemmed mainly from animal studies, which continue to leave important clues of its roles in physiology, metabolism, neuroscience, and cell signaling. Since its discovery, leptin has been linked to various pathways, either directly at its primary site of action in the hypothalamus, or indirectly via downstream(More)
Impatiens pritzellii Hook. f. var. hupehensis Hook. f. (Balsaminaceae) has been well-known and widely used in China as an anti-rheumatoid arthritis (anti-RA) herb. In this present study, mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) have been treated with the methanol (MeOH) extract (0.56, 1.12, 1.68 and 2.24 g/kg body weight) and the n-butanol (BuOH) fraction(More)