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The Human Metabolome Database (HMDB, http://www.hmdb.ca) is a richly annotated resource that is designed to address the broad needs of biochemists, clinical chemists, physicians, medical geneticists, nutritionists and members of the metabolomics community. Since its first release in 2007, the HMDB has been used to facilitate the research for nearly 100(More)
Continuing improvements in analytical technology along with an increased interest in performing comprehensive, quantitative metabolic profiling, is leading to increased interest pressures within the metabolomics community to develop centralized metabolite reference resources for certain clinically important biofluids, such as cerebrospinal fluid, urine and(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalian Diaphanous-related formins (Drfs) act as Rho small GTPase effectors during growth factor-induced cytoskeletal remodeling and cell division. While both p140 mDia1 (herein called Drf1) and p134 mDia2 (Drf3) have been shown to bind in vitro to activated RhoA-C, and Drf3 has also been shown to bind to Cdc42, little is known about the(More)
BACKGROUND Monitoring cancer incidence and mortality time trends is essential for cancer research and health-care planning. French cancer registries do not cover the entire population and do not provide a representative sample of the national population. Our study aimed at estimating national cancer incidence and mortality trends over the longest period(More)
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), the causal agent of Fusarium wilt (Panama disease), is one of the most devastating diseases of banana (Musa spp.). The Foc tropical race 4 (TR4) is currently known as a major concern in global banana production. No effective resistance is known in Musa to Foc, and no effective measures for controlling Foc once banana(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Although much progress has been made for cardiovascular diseases in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis during the past two decades, the clinical need for a novel diagnostic biomarker and new therapeutic interventions to decrease the cardiovascular disease incidence(More)
Environmental exposure to the oxidant-producing herbicide paraquat has been implicated as a risk factor in Parkinson's disease. Although intraperitoneal paraquat injections in mice cause a selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta, the exact mechanism involved is still poorly understood. Our data show that paraquat induces(More)
Our recent study has shown that asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) plays an important role in facilitating gastric mucosal injury by multiple factors. To explore whether the protection of rutaecarpine against gastric mucosal injury is related to reduction of ADMA content, a model of ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats was selected for this study.(More)
Defects in the mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) underlie a spectrum of human conditions, ranging from devastating inborn errors of metabolism to aging. We performed a genome-wide Cas9-mediated screen to identify factors that are protective during RC inhibition. Our results highlight the hypoxia response, an endogenous program evolved to adapt to limited(More)