Jun Parkes

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Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) selectively disrupt conditioned avoidance responding (CAR)--a feature that distinguishes them from all other psychotropics. It is thought that this effect reflects their effect on motor initiation; however, this conclusion is questionable because most studies it relies on have often examined avoidance responding under APD(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) plays a key role in regulating the tone of the endocannabinoid system. Radiotracers are required to image and quantify FAAH activity in vivo. We have synthesized a series of potent FAAH inhibitors encompassing two classes of N-alkyl-O-arylcarbamates and radiolabeled eight of them with carbon-11. The(More)
INTRODUCTION A novel [18F]-radiolabelled phenoxyanilide, [18F]-FEPPA, has been synthesized and evaluated, in vitro and ex vivo, as a potential positron emission tomography imaging agent for the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR). METHODS [18F]-FEPPA and two other radiotracers for imaging PBR, namely [11C]-PBR28 and [11C]-PBR28-d3, were synthesised(More)
INTRODUCTION Imaging monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) in the central nervous system with PET is an important goal for psychiatric studies. We here report an improved and automated radiosynthesis of N-(6-[(18)F]-fluorohexyl)-N-methylpropargylamine ([(18)F]FHMP; [(18)F]-1), as well as the radiosynthesis of two new promising candidates for imaging cerebral MAO-B,(More)
INTRODUCTION R-[(11)C]-SKF 82957 is a high-affinity and potent dopamine D(1) receptor agonist radioligand, which gives rise to a brain-penetrant lipophilic metabolite. In this study, we demonstrate that systemic administration of catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitors blocks this metabolic pathway, facilitating the use of R-[(11)C]-SKF 82957 to(More)
Two quinolines identified as positive allosteric modulators of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) receptors containing the α(2) subunit, 9-amino-2-cyclobutyl-5-(6-methoxy-2-methylpyridin-3-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]quinolin-1-one (4) and 9-amino-2-cyclobutyl-5-(2-methoxypyridin-3-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]quinolin-1-one (5), were radiolabelled at(More)
INTRODUCTION Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) has a significant role in regulating endocannabinoid signaling in the central nervous system. As such, FAAH inhibitors are being actively sought for pain, addiction, and other indications. This has led to the recent pursuit of positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers targeting FAAH. We report herein the(More)
BACKGROUND Monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) inhibitor antidepressants raise levels of multiple monoamines, whereas the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) only raise extracellular serotonin. Despite this advantage of MAO-A inhibitors, there is much less frequent development of MAO inhibitors compared with SSRIs. We sought to measure brain MAO-A(More)
INTRODUCTION Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is the enzyme responsible for metabolising the endogenous cannabinoid, anandamide, and thus represents an important target for molecular imaging. To date, no radiotracer has been shown to be useful for imaging of FAAH using either positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography(More)