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RATIONALE Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) accelerates atherosclerosis and increases inflammatory monocytes (MC) in peripheral tissues. However, its causative role in atherosclerosis is not well established and its effect on vascular inflammation has not been studied. The underlying mechanism is unknown. OBJECTIVE This study examined the causative role of HHcy(More)
Rats fed a vitamin E-deficient diet containing 10% "stripped" corn oil had reduced growth rate and elevated platelet count by 12 weeks of age, and a normocytic anemia with elevated reticulocytes by 16 weeks of age. After 5 months, rats became emaciated and developed kyphoscoliosis. Some rats developed skin ulcers and tremors, and mortality was high.(More)
Bsp-1 is an IgM murine monoclonal antibody raised against the human erythroblastic leukemia cell line (HEL) that reacts with basophils but not neutrophils or eosinophils. Western blotting techniques showed that Bsp-1 reacts with a 45-kilodalton surface antigen on HEL cells. The distribution of Bsp-1 antigen on leukemic cells is confined to a basophilic(More)
Evidence from the literature indicates that in vitamin E-deficient animals prostaglandin (PG) synthesis in platelets is enhanced while it is decreased in the muscle and testis. In the present study the effects of aspirin, a known inhibitor of PG biosynthesis, on vitamin E deficiency signs in the rat were investigated. Administration of aspirin to vitamin(More)
BACKGROUND Current angiogenic therapies for cancers and cardiovascular diseases have not yet achieved expected benefits, which reflects the need for improved understanding of angiogenesis. In this study, we focused on solving the problem of whether tissues have different angiogenic potentials (APs) in physiological conditions and how angiogenesis is(More)
Weanling rats were fed either a vitamin E-deficient diet or the deficient diet supplemented with vitamin E or the antioxidant ethoxyquin. Ethoxyquin was not effective in preventing the elevation in platelet number or percent aggregation. However, ethoxyquin was as effective as vitamin E in maintaining body weight, testes weight, pigmentation of the incisors(More)
Deficient angiogenesis may contribute to worsen the prognosis of myocardial ischemia, peripheral arterial disease, ischemic stroke, etc. Dyslipidemic and inflammatory environments attenuate endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and angiogenesis, worsening the prognosis of ischemia. Under these dyslipidemic and inflammatory environments, EC-caspase-1 becomes(More)
.................................................................................................................................................... iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................................................................................ vi LIST OF TABLES(More)