Jun Nakabayashi

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Mice have two Otx genes, Otx1 and Otx2. Prior to gastrulation, Otx2 is expressed in the epiblast and visceral endoderm. As the primitive streak forms, Otx2 expression is restricted to the anterior parts of all three germ layers. Otx1 expression begins at the 1 to 3 somite stage in the anterior neuroectoderm. Otx2 is also expressed in cephalic mesenchyme.(More)
Monocytes regulate host defenses, inflammation, and tissue homeostasis. The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF8) stimulates monocyte/macrophage differentiation, yet genome-wide understanding of the differentiation program initiated by IRF8 is lacking. By combining chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing with gene expression profiling,(More)
Apoptosis, a highly conserved form of cell suicide, is regulated by apoptotic signals and their transduction with caspases, a family of cystein proteases. Caspases are constantly expressed in the normal cells as inactive pro-enzymes. The activity of caspase is regulated by the proteolysis. Sequential proteolytic reactions of caspases are needed to execute(More)
The TGF-beta superfamily of growth factors is known to transmit signals to the nucleus mainly through the Smads, intracellular signaling components that are highly conserved from nematodes to humans. The signaling activity of the Smads is regulated by their ligand-stimulated phosphorylation through Ser/Thr kinase receptors. Here, to examine the in vivo role(More)
Eukaryotic cells use signal-transduction network to respond in specific ways to external signals from their environment. Several signal-transduction pathway are composed of multi-step chemical reactions. We here theoretically study what determines the number of kinase phosphorylation steps composing of the intracellular signal-transduction cascade. We(More)
BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have dramatically improved therapy for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). However, several problems leading to TKI resistance still impede a complete cure of this disease. IFN regulatory factor-8 (IRF8) is a transcription factor essential for the development and functions of immune cells, including dendritic cells.(More)
Cell fate in multicellular organism is regulated by the diffusible factor from surrounding cells in concentration-dependent manner. TGF-beta is a large protein family of the diffusible proteins secreted from a localized source. The signal of TGF-beta is transduced by Smad family transcription factor. Though it is well known that the stoichiometry of Smads(More)
Electric transport of a zigzag graphene nanoribbon through a steplike potential and a barrier potential is investigated by using the recursive Green's function method. In the case of the steplike potential, we demonstrate numerically that scattering processes obey a selection rule for the band indices when the number of zigzag chains is even; the electrons(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver disease. Ten to twenty percent of chronic hepatitis C will develop complications of chronic liver diseases such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The culture system of HCV is established by the specific combination between HCV strain and a host cell. Some chimeras substituting core(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes acute and chronic liver disease. Especially, chronic hepatitis is a major risk factor of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Viral kinetics of HBV observed in peripheral blood is quite different depending on the clinical course of hepatitis. But the relationship between the intracellular replication dynamics and(More)