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The present study sought to establish a standard third-line eradication regimen for Helicobacter pylori in Japan. Subjects were 204 patients with H. pylori infection in whom the standard Japanese first- and second-line eradication therapies had proven unsuccessful. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following third-line eradication therapy(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin (5-HT) may play an important role in the regulation of colonic motility in humans. However, it is not known whether alterations in the colonic 5-HT system are involved in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS Colonic mucosal specimens ranging from the ascending colon to the rectum were obtained from patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Gastric carcinogenesis involves CpG island hypermethylation (CIHM) of tumor-suppressor genes. Although the CIHM of these genes occurs in non-neoplastic gastric cells, it is unclear whether this epigenetic alteration is linked with aging and/or gastric cancer risk. We investigated this linkage in noncancerous gastric mucosa infected with(More)
A valid biomarker for predicting the presence of gastric cancer may contribute to reducing deaths from this disease. Although pepsinogen (PG) testing has been introduced as a predictor, its predictive power is not satisfactory. We examined whether serum trefoil factor (TFF) could be a non-endoscopic predictor of the presence of gastric cancer. Gastric(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, treatment guidelines are lacking for patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. We aimed to compare the efficacy of different drugs for the treatment of uninvestigated upper gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS This was a randomized, open-label, parallel-group multicenter study. Helicobacter pylori-negative, endoscopically(More)
Overproduction of nitric oxide by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) acts cytotoxically and contributes to inflammation. We explored the roles of iNOS in the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-associated diseases. Using reverse-transcribed PCR, we examined topographical patterns of iNOS mRNA expression in the gastroduodenal mucosa in H. pylori-negative(More)
In recent years in Japan, the rate of clarithromycin (CAM) resistance in Helicobacter pylori has risen to around 30%, and the eradication rate with triple therapy [proton pump inhibitor + amoxicillin (AMPC) + CAM] has been trending downward to around 70%. In 2007, rabeprazole (RPZ)-based triple therapy (RPZ + AMPC + CAM: RAC therapy) was approved in Japan,(More)
Emerging data indicate that serum trefoil factors (TFFs), especially TFF3, could be potential biomarkers for gastric cancer risk. We aimed to evaluate the influence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status and eradication on serum TFFs and the pepsinogen test. Healthy individuals who underwent a thorough medical checkup were enrolled in study 1, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Stimulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression by Helicobacter pylori, with subsequent overproduction of nitric oxide, has been implicated in gastric carcinogenesis. We investigated whether inducible nitric oxide synthase promoter gene polymorphisms are associated with (a) inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA expression(More)
Rupture of a benign cystic ovarian teratoma may result in severe chemical granulomatous peritonitis, a condition mimicking peritonitis carcinomatosa, with patients complaining of common abdominal symptoms. As the precipitating cause of rupture is often indeterminate and the rupture itself is hard to recognize, it is difficult to differentiate from(More)