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The nerve-dependency of gene expression in mouse taste bud was examined through an analysis of changes in gene expression in and around the taste buds in circumvallate papillae after surgery of cranial nerve IXth (glossopharyngeal nerve). The number of cells expressing T1r3, gustducin, Mash1 and Nkx2.2 gradually decreased after denervation. However, the(More)
For proteins of higher eukaryotes, such as plants, which have large genomes, recombinant protein expression and purification are often difficult. Expression levels tend to be low and the expressed proteins tend to misfold and aggregate. We tested seven different expression vectors in Escherichia coli for rapid subcloning of rice genes and for protein(More)
In mammals, taste buds are maintained by continuous turnover of cells, even in adulthood. Cell proliferation and differentiation continue to produce taste cells, which express various genes related to taste reception. We found the co-expression of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) with Prox1 and that of Nkx2.2 with Mash1 in adult mouse taste buds. Whereas Prox1was(More)
Introduction In mammals, taste buds arise from local epithelium and are maintained by continuous cell renewal The life span of taste cells is estimated to be ~10 days. Denervation causes the degeneration of taste buds, indicating that the taste nerves trophi-cally maintain the taste buds. It is assumed that cell proliferation, differentiation and death for(More)
N-Acetyl-gamma-glutamyl-phosphate reductase (AGPR) catalyzes the third step in an eight-step arginine-biosynthetic pathway that starts with glutamate. This enzyme converts N-acetyl-gamma-glutamyl phosphate to N-acetylglutamate-gamma-semialdehyde by an NADPH-dependent reductive dephosphorylation. AGPR from Oryza sativa (OsAGPR) was expressed in Escherichia(More)
CD1d-restricted mouse NK1.1(+) TCR alpha beta(+) natural killer T (NKT) cells predominantly use an invariant TCR alpha chain encoded by V alpha 14 and J alpha 281 gene segments with a one-nucleotide N region. We found that NKT cells generated in the culture of fetal liver precursors possessed V alpha 14-J alpha 281 junctions that could be produced without(More)
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