Jun Maruyama

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Cochlear implant surgery is currently the therapy of choice for profoundly deaf patients. However, the functionality of cochlear implants depends on the integrity of the auditory spiral ganglion neurons. This study assesses the combined efficacy of two classes of agents found effective in preventing degeneration of the auditory nerve following deafness,(More)
Based on in vitro studies, it is hypothesized that neurotrophic factor deprivation following deafferentation elicits an oxidative state change in the deafferented neuron and the formation of free radicals that then signal cell death pathways. This pathway to cell death was tested in vivo by assessing the efficacy of antioxidants (AOs) to prevent(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Obesity is associated with ageing and increased energy intake, while restriction of energy intake improves health and longevity in multiple organisms; the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is implicated in this process. Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the(More)
For patients with profound hearing loss, a cochlear implant is the only treatment available today. The function of a cochlear implant depends in part on the function and survival of spiral ganglion neurons. Following deafferentation, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is known to affect spiral ganglion neuron survival. The purpose of this study(More)
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