Highly porous N-doped activated carbon monoliths (ACMs) are fabricated by carbonization and physical activation of mesoporous polyacrylonitrile (PAN) monoliths in the presence of CO(2). The monoliths exhibit exceptionally high CO(2) uptake; 5.14 mmol g(-1) at ambient pressure and temperature and 11.51 mmol g(-1) at ambient pressure and 273 K.
Based on in vitro studies, it is hypothesized that neurotrophic factor deprivation following deafferentation elicits an oxidative state change in the deafferented neuron and the formation of free radicals that then signal cell death pathways. This pathway to cell death was tested in vivo by assessing the efficacy of antioxidants (AOs) to prevent… (More)
Cochlear implant surgery is currently the therapy of choice for profoundly deaf patients. However, the functionality of cochlear implants depends on the integrity of the auditory spiral ganglion neurons. This study assesses the combined efficacy of two classes of agents found effective in preventing degeneration of the auditory nerve following deafness,… (More)
For patients with profound hearing loss, a cochlear implant is the only treatment available today. The function of a cochlear implant depends in part on the function and survival of spiral ganglion neurons. Following deafferentation, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is known to affect spiral ganglion neuron survival. The purpose of this study… (More)
Mesoporous polyacrylonitrile (PAN) monolith has been fabricated by a template-free approach using the unique affinity of PAN towards a water/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) mixture. A newly developed Thermally Induced Phase Separation Technique (TIPS) has been used to obtain the polymer monoliths and their microstructures have been controlled by optimizing the… (More)
The effects of lidocaine on basilar membrane (BM) vibration and compound action potential (CAP) were studied in guinea pigs in order to elucidate the site of lidocaine action in the cochlea. BM vibration was measured with a laser Doppler vibrometer through an opening made in the lateral bony wall of the scala tympani at the basal turn. Ten min after local… (More)