Jun Maruyama

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Based on in vitro studies, it is hypothesized that neurotrophic factor deprivation following deafferentation elicits an oxidative state change in the deafferented neuron and the formation of free radicals that then signal cell death pathways. This pathway to cell death was tested in vivo by assessing the efficacy of antioxidants (AOs) to prevent(More)
Cochlear implant surgery is currently the therapy of choice for profoundly deaf patients. However, the functionality of cochlear implants depends on the integrity of the auditory spiral ganglion neurons. This study assesses the combined efficacy of two classes of agents found effective in preventing degeneration of the auditory nerve following deafness,(More)
For patients with profound hearing loss, a cochlear implant is the only treatment available today. The function of a cochlear implant depends in part on the function and survival of spiral ganglion neurons. Following deafferentation, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is known to affect spiral ganglion neuron survival. The purpose of this study(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Obesity is associated with ageing and increased energy intake, while restriction of energy intake improves health and longevity in multiple organisms; the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is implicated in this process. Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the(More)
The effects of lidocaine on basilar membrane (BM) vibration and compound action potential (CAP) were studied in guinea pigs in order to elucidate the site of lidocaine action in the cochlea. BM vibration was measured with a laser Doppler vibrometer through an opening made in the lateral bony wall of the scala tympani at the basal turn. Ten min after local(More)
We present an algorithm to predict gene regulatory network structure, where gene expression time series data are regarded as vector trajectories of the sample obtained from a stochastic dynamical system defined on a graph. We use a Gaussian Bayesian network for modeling a gene regulatory network structure. Here a node represents a gene, and a link between 2(More)
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