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Filamentous tau inclusions are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies, but earlier pathologies may herald disease onset. To investigate this, we studied wild-type and P301S mutant human tau transgenic (Tg) mice. Filamentous tau lesions developed in P301S Tg mice at 6 months of age, and progressively accumulated in association with(More)
When using a tool, we can perceive a psychological association between the tool and the body parts-the tool is incorporated into our "body-image." During tool use, visual response properties of bimodal (tactile and visual) neurons in the intraparietal area of the monkey's cerebral cortex were modified to include the hand-held tool. Visual properties of the(More)
[Carbonyl-(11)C]WAY-100635 has been reported to be a useful ligand for the investigation of 5-HT(1A) receptor imaging in vivo. However, the cellular distribution and the influence of endogenous serotonin (5-HT) on in vivo binding have not been fully examined. In this study, we investigated the effect of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-produced destruction of 5-HT(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopamine transporter (DAT) is a reuptake carrier of dopamine at presynapse that regulates dopaminergic neural transmission. [(11)C]PE2I is a cocaine analog developed as a potent positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for DAT with high selectivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of quantification methods using reference(More)
Elucidating the neural and genetic factors underlying psychiatric illness is hampered by current methods of clinical diagnosis. The identification and investigation of clinical endophenotypes may be one solution, but represents a considerable challenge in human subjects. Here we report that mice heterozygous for a null mutation of the alpha-isoform of(More)
Accumulation of intracellular tau fibrils has been the focus of research on the mechanisms of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Here, we have developed a class of tau ligands, phenyl/pyridinyl-butadienyl-benzothiazoles/benzothiazoliums (PBBs), for visualizing diverse tau inclusions in brains of living patients with AD or(More)
Central dopaminergic systems are known to be implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and recent in vivo dopamine receptor imaging studies have focused on the measurement of extrastriatal dopamine receptor. However, there are only a limited number of ligands that can measure the low-density D2 receptor in extrastriatal regions and their(More)
The aim of the present study was to quantify the density and affinity of human extrastriatal dopamine D2 receptors using positron emission tomography (PET). [(11)C]FLB-457, a high-affinity dopamine D2 receptor antagonist with various specific radioactivities (SA) was used. Eight healthy male subjects, age 20-35 yr, participated twice or three times at(More)
BACKGROUND The amino-acid balance in cancer patients often differs from that in healthy individuals, because of metabolic changes. This study investigated the use of plasma amino-acid profiles as a novel marker for screening non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS The amino-acid concentrations in venous blood samples from pre-treatment NSCLC(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most acute degenerative pathologies in the central nervous system, and in vivo indices enabling an assessment of TBI on a mechanistic basis have yet to be established. The aim of this work was to pursue neuroinflammatory changes and their link to functional disruptions of traumatically-damaged neurons in a rat(More)