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  • Yasumasa Yoshiyama, Makoto Higuchi, Bin Zhang, Shu-Ming Huang, Nobuhisa Iwata, Takaomi C. Saido +4 others
  • 2007
Filamentous tau inclusions are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies, but earlier pathologies may herald disease onset. To investigate this, we studied wild-type and P301S mutant human tau transgenic (Tg) mice. Filamentous tau lesions developed in P301S Tg mice at 6 months of age, and progressively accumulated in association with(More)
Accumulation of intracellular tau fibrils has been the focus of research on the mechanisms of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Here, we have developed a class of tau ligands, phenyl/pyridinyl-butadienyl-benzothiazoles/benzothiazoliums (PBBs), for visualizing diverse tau inclusions in brains of living patients with AD or(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopamine transporter (DAT) is a reuptake carrier of dopamine at presynapse that regulates dopaminergic neural transmission. [(11)C]PE2I is a cocaine analog developed as a potent positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for DAT with high selectivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of quantification methods using reference(More)
Elucidating the neural and genetic factors underlying psychiatric illness is hampered by current methods of clinical diagnosis. The identification and investigation of clinical endophenotypes may be one solution, but represents a considerable challenge in human subjects. Here we report that mice heterozygous for a null mutation of the alpha-isoform of(More)
The mechanism by which amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) accumulation causes neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unresolved. Given that Aβ perturbs calcium homeostasis in neurons, we investigated the possible involvement of calpain, a calcium-activated neutral protease. We first demonstrated close postsynaptic association of calpain activation with(More)
Peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is expressed in most organs and its expression is reported to be increased in activated microglia in the brain. [(11)C]PK11195 has been widely used for the in vivo imaging of PBRs, but its signal in the brain was not high enough for stable quantitative analysis. We synthesized a novel positron emission tomography(More)
Macaques can utilize tools sequentially on a single object or they can modify functions effectively in a relevant context. Two Japanese macaques were scanned by positron emission tomography with H(2)15O during a tool combination task and two control tasks (single tool task and simple stick-waving task). In the tool combination task, monkeys were required to(More)
OBJECTIVE Establishment of preclinical method evaluating behavioral protective actions of drugs for Parkinson's disease was attempted using l-deprenyl (DEP) as a reference drug in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated common marmosets. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen marmosets received MPTP at 2 mg/kg, subcutaneously (s.c.) per day(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of studies have suggested the involvement of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether 5-HTT binding was altered in patients with mood disorders using positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS Thirteen antidepressant-naive or -free patients with mood(More)