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Filamentous tau inclusions are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies, but earlier pathologies may herald disease onset. To investigate this, we studied wild-type and P301S mutant human tau transgenic (Tg) mice. Filamentous tau lesions developed in P301S Tg mice at 6 months of age, and progressively accumulated in association with(More)
The effects of selective mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor agonists on the discriminative stimulus properties of cocaine were examined in rats trained to discriminate between cocaine (10 mg/kg) and saline. Cocaine produced a dose-related increase in cocaine-appropriate responses in all of the rats. In generalization tests, neither morphine (mu-opioid(More)
The present study examined a rapid and convenient model for evaluating nicotine dependence using the conditioned place preference paradigm. Rats were chronically infused subcutaneously with 9 mg/kg per day nicotine using an osmotic minipump. After nicotine infusion for 7 days, the nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine produced a place aversion in(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the report of new treatment options, surgery remains the best treatment for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Repeat resection is also an effective means for recurrent pulmonary metastases. The aim of the present study was to define the prognostic factors for survival after pulmonary metastasectomy from RCC based on a(More)
[Carbonyl-(11)C]WAY-100635 has been reported to be a useful ligand for the investigation of 5-HT(1A) receptor imaging in vivo. However, the cellular distribution and the influence of endogenous serotonin (5-HT) on in vivo binding have not been fully examined. In this study, we investigated the effect of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-produced destruction of 5-HT(More)
Accumulation of intracellular tau fibrils has been the focus of research on the mechanisms of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Here, we have developed a class of tau ligands, phenyl/pyridinyl-butadienyl-benzothiazoles/benzothiazoliums (PBBs), for visualizing diverse tau inclusions in brains of living patients with AD or(More)
Birth defects, which occur in one out of 20 live births, often affect multiple organs that have common developmental origins. Human and mouse studies indicate that haploinsufficiency of the transcription factor TBX1 disrupts pharyngeal arch development, resulting in the cardiac and craniofacial features associated with microdeletion of 22q11 (del22q11), the(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most acute degenerative pathologies in the central nervous system, and in vivo indices enabling an assessment of TBI on a mechanistic basis have yet to be established. The aim of this work was to pursue neuroinflammatory changes and their link to functional disruptions of traumatically-damaged neurons in a rat(More)
We provide the first evidence for the capability of a high-resolution positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging system in quantitatively mapping amyloid accumulation in living amyloid precursor protein transgenic (Tg) mice. After the intravenous administration of N-[11C]methyl-2-(4'-methylaminophenyl)-6-hydroxybenzothiazole (or [11C]PIB for "Pittsburgh(More)
The effects of the D3-agonist (+/-)-7-hydroxy-N,N-di-n-propyl-2-aminotetralin (7-OH-DPAT) on morphine-induced hyperlocomotion were investigated in mice. 7-OH-DPAT (0.01-0.3 mg/kg s.c.) alone did not produce a significant locomotor activity in mice. Treatment with low doses of 7-OH-DPAT (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg s.c.) attenuated morphine (10 and 20 mg/kg(More)