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—In this letter, we consider cooperative spectrum sensing based on energy detection in cognitive radio networks. Soft combination of the observed energies from different cognitive radio users is investigated. Based on the Neyman-Pearson criterion, we obtain an optimal soft combination scheme that maximizes the detection probability for a given false alarm(More)
The elevated incidence of aneuploidy in human oocytes warrants study of the molecular mechanisms regulating proper chromosome segregation. The Aurora kinases are a well-conserved family of serine/threonine kinases that are involved in proper chromosome segregation during mitosis and meiosis. Here we report the expression and localization of all three Aurora(More)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) and crown rot (CR) are two wheat diseases caused by the same Fusarium pathogens. Progress towards CR resistance could benefit from FHB-resistant germplasm if the same genes are involved in resistance to these two different diseases. Two independent studies were conducted to investigate the relationship between host resistances to(More)
Humans and their microbiomes have coevolved as a physiologic community composed of distinct body site niches with metabolic and antigenic diversity. The placental microbiome has not been robustly interrogated, despite recent demonstrations of intracellular bacteria with diverse metabolic and immune regulatory functions. A population-based cohort of(More)
BACKGROUND The family of RecQ DNA helicases plays an important role in the maintenance of genomic integrity. Mutations in three of the five known RecQ family members in humans, BLM, WRN and RecQ4, lead to disorders that are characterized by predisposition to cancer and premature aging. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To address the in vivo functions of(More)
Formation of the gastrula organizer requires suppression of ventralizing signals and, in fish and frog, the need to counteract the effect of ubiquitously present maternal factors that activate the expression of Bmps. How the balance between dorsalizing and ventralizing factors is shifted towards organizer establishment at late blastula stages is not well(More)
DNA synthesis during S-phase and upon DNA repair is accompanied by chromatin assembly. The chromatin assembly factor CAF-1 has been biochemically well-characterized to deposit histones onto newly synthesized DNA. To gain insights into the in vivo functions of CAF-1 in Drosophila, we generated null mutants of the largest subunit of dCAF-1, dCAF-1-p180. We(More)
In mammalian somatic cells, several pathways that converge on deadenylation, decapping, and 5'-3' degradation are found in cytoplasmic foci known as P-bodies. Because controlled mRNA stability is essential for oocyte-to-zygote transition, we examined the dynamics of P-body components in mouse oocytes. We report that oocyte growth is accompanied by loss of(More)
We have determined the solution structure of a complex containing the K50 class homeodomain Pituitary homeobox protein 2 (PITX2) bound to its consensus DNA site (TAATCC). Previous studies have suggested that residue 50 is an important determinant of differential DNA-binding specificity among homeodomains. Although structures of several homeodomain-DNA(More)