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We provide general methods for analyzing the convergence of discrete-time, general state space Markov chains, such as those used in stochastic simulation algorithms including the Gibbs sampler. The methods provide rigorous, a priori bounds on how long these simulations should be run to give satisfactory results. We apply our results to two models of the(More)
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas belongs to one of the most species-rich but genomically poorly explored phyla, the Mollusca. Here we report the sequencing and assembly of the oyster genome using short reads and a fosmid-pooling strategy, along with transcriptomes of development and stress response and the proteome of the shell. The oyster genome is(More)
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is a central regulator of xenobiotic metabolism. CAR activation induces hepatic expression of detoxification enzymes and transporters and increases liver size. Here we show that CAR-mediated hepatomegaly is a transient, adaptive response to acute xenobiotic stress. In contrast, chronic CAR activation results(More)
The leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations are the most common cause of autosomal-dominant Parkinson disease (PD). Mitochondrial dysfunction represents a critical event in the pathogenesis of PD. We demonstrated that wild-type (WT) LRRK2 expression caused mitochondrial fragmentation along with increased mitochondrial dynamin-like protein (DLP1, also(More)
PURPOSE Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) is a rare type of T-cell lymphoma that arises around breast implants. The optimal management of this disease has not been established. The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of different therapies used in patients with BI-ALCL to determine an optimal treatment approach.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Epidemiological patterns of stroke may change with economic development. It is important to understand these changes for making timely strategies for stroke prevention. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in trends of stroke epidemiology during a period of fast economic development in China, based on data of the(More)
The folate-dependent enzymes, thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) are critical for providing the requisite nucleotide precursors for maintaining DNA synthesis and DNA repair. In addition to their essential roles in enzyme catalysis, these two enzymes have now been shown to function as RNA binding proteins. Using in vitro and in vivo(More)
PURPOSE Evidence from studies with small numbers of patients indicates that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) accurately detects distant metastases in the staging of primary breast cancer. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT and conventional imaging (CT, ultrasonography, radiography, and(More)
Singular value decomposition (SVD) is an important technique in signal processing. In the literature, the perturbation analysis of SVD has been well documented in the context of subspace decomposition. The contribution of the signal subspace to the perturbation of the singular vectors that span the signal subspace is often ignored as it is treated as second(More)
Performing two tasks simultaneously (dual-task) is common in human daily life. The neural correlates of dual-task processing remain unclear. In the current study, we used a dual motor and counting task with functional MRI (fMRI) to determine whether there are any areas additionally activated for dual-task performance. Moreover, we investigated the(More)