Jun Ling

Learn More
Claudin family transmembrane proteins play an important role in tight junction structure and function in epithelial cells. Among the 24 isoforms identified in mice and humans, claudin-4 and -3 serve as the receptor for Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (Cpe). The second extracellular loop (Ecl2) of claudin-4 is responsible for the binding to the(More)
Metazoan cell cycle-regulated histone mRNAs are unique cellular mRNAs in that they terminate in a highly conserved stem-loop structure instead of a poly(A) tail. Not only is the stem-loop structure necessary for 3'-end formation but it regulates the stability and translational efficiency of histone mRNAs. The histone stem-loop structure is recognized by the(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal immune surveillance is thought to be largely achieved through uptake by specialized epithelial M cells. We recently identified Claudin 4 as an M cell target receptor and developed a Claudin 4 targeting peptide (CPE) that can mediate uptake of nanoparticles through Nasal Associated Lymphoid Tissue (NALT) M cells. METHODS Recombinant(More)
The precise mechanism by which glucocorticoid receptor (GR) regulates the transcription of its target genes is largely unknown. This is, in part, due to the lack of structural and functional information about GR's N-terminal activation function domain, AF1. Like many steroid hormone receptors (SHRs), the GR AF1 exists in an intrinsically disordered (ID)(More)
p21-activated kinase-2 (PAK2) is ubiquitously expressed in all mammalian cells and tissues tested so far. It is a unique member of PAK family kinases that can be activated by various stress conditions to induce apoptosis or cytostasis. Although many conditions have been reported to activate PAK2, serum starvation followed by insulin treatment has not been(More)
Bacterial motility is most likely a critical factor for rhizobium to chemotactically colonize on the root surface prior to infecting leguminous plant hosts. Several studies of the rhizobium flagellar filament have been reported, but little is known about the rhizobium flagellum hook. To investigate the roles of the hook protein in flagellum synthesis in(More)
Mutualisms are common in nature, though these symbioses can be quite permeable to cheaters in situations where one individual parasitizes the other by discontinuing cooperation yet still exploits the benefits of the partnership. In the Rhizobium-legume system, there are two separate contexts, namely nodulation and nitrogen fixation processes, by which(More)
Phthalates are a group of plasticizers that are widely used in many consumer products and medical devices, thus generating a huge burden to human health. Phthalates have been known to cause a number of developmental and reproductive disorders functioning as endocrine modulators. They are also involved in carcinogenesis with mechanisms less understood. To(More)
Mesorhizobium tianshanense employs MsiA as canavanine exporter, which is upregulated by MsiR, to successfully form a symbiosis with the legume Glycyrrhiza uralensis. In this research, through gel-shift and bacterial two-hybrid examination, MsiR was found to spontaneously form dimers and bind to msiA promoter without additional canavanine. Six truncated(More)
  • 1