Jun Kurokawa

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Macrophages infiltrate adipose tissue in obesity and are involved in the induction of inflammation, thereby contributing to the development of obesity-associated metabolic disorders. Here, we show that the macrophage-derived soluble protein AIM is endocytosed into adipocytes via CD36. Within adipocytes, AIM associates with cytosolic fatty acid synthase(More)
Infiltration of inflammatory macrophages into adipose tissues with the progression of obesity triggers insulin resistance and obesity-related metabolic diseases. We recently reported that macrophage-derived apoptosis inhibitor of macrophage (AIM) protein is increased in blood in line with obesity progression and is incorporated into adipocytes, thereby(More)
Insulin secretion and glucose transport are the major mechanisms to balance glucose homeostasis. Recently, we found that the death effector domain-containing DEDD inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase-1 (Cdk1) function, thereby preventing Cdk1-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of S6 kinase-1 (S6K1), downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), which(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a widespread fatal disease and the third most common cause of cancer deaths. Here, we show the potent anti-HCC effect of the circulating protein AIM. As in adipocytes, AIM is incorporated into normal hepatocytes, where it interferes with lipid storage. In contrast, AIM accumulates on the HCC cell surface and activates the(More)
Natural immunoglobulin M (IgM) is reactive to autoantigens and is believed to be important for autoimmunity. Blood pentameric IgM loaded with antigens forms a large immune complex (IC) that contains various elements, including apoptosis inhibitor of macrophage (AIM). Here we demonstrate that this IgM-AIM association contributes to autoantibody production(More)
During intrauterine life, the mammalian embryo survives via its physical connection to the mother. The uterine decidua, which differentiates from stromal cells after implantation in a process known as decidualization, plays essential roles in supporting embryonic growth before establishment of the placenta. Here we show that female mice lacking death(More)
A case of osteosarcoma in pelvic bone following radiation therapy for prostate cancer is reported. A 74-year-old patient was diagnosed with prostate cancer 10 years ago and started on the endocrine therapy with LH-RH agonist. He had no apparent distant metastasis, and received radiation therapy 8 years ago. He has complained of low back pain since several(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cascade of metabolic diseases, starting with obesity and progressing to atherosclerosis, and is often fatal because of serious cardiovascular problems such as heart/brain infarction and hemorrhage. Accumulating evidence has revealed a critical involvement of inflammatory responses triggered by lesional macrophages in the(More)