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OBJECT The standard transsphenoidal approach has been successfully used to resect most pituitary adenomas. However, as a result of the limited exposure provided by this procedure, complete surgical removal of pituitary adenomas with parasellar or retrosellar extension remains problematic. By additional bone removal of the cranial base, the extended(More)
There were increasing studies on the association of periodontitis with preterm low birth weight (PLBW) in the recent 10 years. PLBW is associated with about half of all perinatal mortality. Known factors which could induce PLBW include smoking, genetics, alcohol, prenatal care, nutrition, urinary tract infections, However, there are still about 25% of PLBW(More)
Studies previously reported that melittin, a major bioactive component of bee venom, inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation through suppression of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and Akt activation and through enhancement of proapoptotic protein expression. In this study, the effects of melittin were investigated on the tyrosine(More)
The band offsets and heterostructures of monolayer and few-layer transition-metal dichalcogenides MX 2 (M ¼ Mo, W; X ¼ S, Se, Te) are investigated from first principles calculations. The band alignments between different MX 2 monolayers are calculated using the vacuum level as reference, and a simple model is proposed to explain the observed chemical(More)
Remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) has been proved to protect the brain from stroke, but the precise mechanism remains not fully understood. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether RIPostC attenuates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by abating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. CHOP, a multifunctional transcription factor(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the safety and efficacy of increasing doses of autologous blood patch pleurodesis in treating persistent air leaks in patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS Forty-four patients with COPD and spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) on the 7th day after intercostal tube drainage were randomly assigned to 4(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays crucial roles in plant development and plant responses to environmental stresses. Although ABA receptors and a minimal set of core molecular components have recently been discovered, understanding of the ABA signaling pathway is still far from complete. In this work, we characterized the function of ROP11, a member(More)
Plants cope with inorganic phosphate (Pi) deficiencies in their environment by adjusting their developmental programs and metabolic activities. For Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the developmental responses include the inhibition of primary root growth and the enhanced formation of lateral roots and root hairs. Pi deficiency also inhibits(More)
The study tested the hypothesis that transplantation of human neurotrophin-3 (hNT-3) over-expressing neural stem cells (NSCs) into rat striatum after a severe focal ischemia would promote functional recovery. Rat NSCs, transduced by Flag-tagged hNT-3 gene mediated by lentiviral vector (LV), were transplanted into the striatum ipsilateral to the injury of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE p53-mediated neuronal death is a central pathway of stroke pathophysiology, but its mechanistic details remain unclear. Here, we identified a novel microRNA mechanism that downregulation of inhibitory member of the apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53 family (iASPP) by the brain-specific microRNA-124 (miR-124) promotes neuronal death(More)