Jun-Kai Kao

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BACKGROUND Pediatricians ubiquitously rely on urine analysis for diagnosing urinary tract infection (UTI) in young febrile children due to discrepancies in symptom presentation. This study aimed to identify the determinants of physical examination and personal history for diagnosing UTI. METHODS Four hundred and ten patients aged between 3 months and 2(More)
Compound C, a well-known inhibitor of the intracellular energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), has been reported to cause apoptotic cell death in myeloma, breast cancer cells and glioma cells. In this study, we have demonstrated that compound C not only induced autophagy in all tested skin cancer cell lines but also caused more apoptosis in p53(More)
Tumor cells rely on aerobic glycolysis to maintain unconstrained cell growth and proliferation. Imiquimod (IMQ), a synthetic Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7/8 ligand, exerts anti-tumor effects directly by inducing cell death in cancer cells and/or indirectly by activating cellular immune responses against tumor cells. However, whether IMQ modulates glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints made by patients visiting emergency departments; however, ovarian torsion is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain, especially in young children. Early diagnosis is essential in order to salvage the ovaries. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients under 18 years of age who visited(More)
BACKGROUND The tumor suppressor p53 controls DNA repair, cell cycle, apoptosis, autophagy and numerous other cellular processes. Imiquimod (IMQ), a synthetic toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 ligand for the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (BCC), eliminates cancer cells by activating cell-mediated immunity and directly inducing apoptosis and autophagy(More)
BACKGROUND AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a principal intracellular energy sensor, plays a crucial role in cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy. Imiquimod (IMQ) directly exhibits anti-tumor activity through the induction of apoptosis and autophagic cell death. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of AMPK in IMQ-induced apoptosis and(More)
A 19-month-old boy with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) received umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) from an unrelated donor after experiencing a life-threatening disseminated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin infection. After busulfan and cyclophosphamide conditioning, we performed a 5/6-matched UCBT. Engraftment and mixed chimerism was 100% in(More)
BACKGROUND The activation of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) in dendritic cells (DCs) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZM) had been demonstrated to inhibit the TLR4 agonist-induced maturation and activation of murine bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs). OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of AZM on(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disease of the skin. Current therapy is not curative, and recalcitrant disease is a big stress and challenge for parents and physicians. This study explored the potential role of heat-shock protein 70 (HSP-70) and its anti-inflammatory effects on keratinocyte under TH2 environment. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to understand caregivers' perception of medical care systems and their stress responses throughout their stay with preschoolers at a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS Overall, 201 preschoolers' caregivers in pediatric ED were recruited in this study. They were asked to answer self-made questionnaires(More)