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It has been documented that methadone maintenance treatment is effective in reducing drug craving and relevant risk behaviors in heroin users. However, it is not understood whether methadone maintenance treatment impairs the dopamine transporter in the striatum. To establish whether chronic opiate use might impair brain dopamine neurons in humans, we(More)
Delay and Tolerant Networks (DTNs) have been proposed to address data communication challenges in network scenarios, where no instantaneous end-to-end path is guaranteed because of frequent and long duration network partitions. Typical protocols forward a message to multiple nodes to improve message delivery rate. However, a large number of replications(More)
The presence within bone marrow of a population of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) able to differentiate into a number of different mesenchymal tissues, including bone and cartilage, was first suggested by Friedenstein nearly 40 years ago. Since then MSCs have been demonstrated in a variety of fetal and adult tissues, including bone marrow, fetal blood and(More)
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common pediatric illness mainly caused by infection with enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16). The frequent HFMD outbreaks have become a serious public health problem. Currently, no vaccine or antiviral drug for EV71/CA16 infections has been approved. In this study, a two-step screening platform(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. The specific cellular gene alterations responsible for hepatocarcinogenesis are not well known. Previous works showed that loss of TIP30, also called CC3, a putative tumor suppressor, increased the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in mice, and some clinical samples of human(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) have caused severe epidemics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in the Asia Pacific in recent years, particularly in infants and young children. This disease has become a serious public health problem, as no vaccines or antiviral drugs have been approved for EV71 and CA16 infections. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence suggests that type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk of dementia and that glucose variability is an independent risk factor for diabetic complications. This study investigated the relationship between glucose excursion and cognitive function in aged T2DM patients. METHODS A total of 248 aged T2DM patients wore a(More)
The mechanisms of contrast medium (CM)-induced renal impairment at cellular level are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of non-ionic low osmolar contrast medium (LOCM) on glomerular endothelial cells (GECs). Ioversol, the most representative LOCM used in clinic, was chosen to act on primary cultured rat(More)
The main requirements for successful tissue engineering of the bone are non-immunogenic cells with osteogenic potential and a porous biodegradable scaffold. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of a silk fibroin/hydroxyapatite (SF/HA) porous material as a delivery vehicle for human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs) in a(More)
Cartilage tissue engineering requires a porous biodegradable scaffold and nonimmunogenic cells with chondrogenic potential. In this study, the ability of the placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs) to grow on silk fibroin (SF) biomaterial was determined, and the potential of a SF biomaterial serving as a delivery vehicle for human PMSCs in a rabbit(More)