Learn More
Telmisartan is a unique angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and partial agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma. Here, we investigated the preventive effect of telmisartan on cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. In ddY mice, intracerebroventricular injection of Abeta 1-40 significantly attenuated their cognitive function(More)
The molecular mechanisms of the contribution of angiotensin II type-1 receptor blockers to neuronal protection are still unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of angiotensin II type-2 (AT2) receptor stimulation on neurons and cognitive function involving a new neuroprotective factor, methyl methanesulfonate sensitive 2 (MMS2). Angiotensin II treatment(More)
In order to identify whether bisphenol A (BPA) acts as an adipogenic agent, following the hormonal induction of differentiation into adipocytes, 3T3-L1 cells were treated for six days with BPA alone. Treatment with BPA increased the triacylglycerol (TG) content of the cultures, increased the percentage of Oil Red O-staining cells in the cultures, and(More)
The pathological hallmark of Alzheimer disease is deposition of amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) in the brain. Telmisartan is a unique angiotensin II receptor blocker with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma)-stimulating activity. Activation of PPAR-gamma is expected to prevent inflammation and Abeta accumulation in the brain. We(More)
The RAS (renin-angiotensin system) plays a role not only in the cardiovascular system, including blood pressure regulation, but also in the central nervous system. AngII (angiotensin II) binds two major receptors: the AT(1) receptor (AngII type 1 receptor) and AT(2) receptor (AngII type 2 receptor). It has been recognized that AT(2) receptor activation not(More)
We reported previously that an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, telmisartan, improved cognitive decline with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ activation; however, the detailed mechanisms are unclear. Enhanced blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability with alteration of tight junctions is suggested to be related to diabetes mellitus.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the effect of temporary treatment with a nonhypotensive dose of valsartan on ischemic brain damage in C57BL/6 mice. METHODS We separated the mice into 3 groups of valsartan treatment before middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion: (1) for 4 weeks: Val (2W, 2W); (2) for 2 weeks followed by its cessation for 2 weeks:(More)
The metabolic syndrome is closely related to dietary habits and seems to be associated with impairment of cognitive function in humans. Angiotensin receptor blockers are widely used with the expectation of preventing cardiovascular events and stroke and potential amelioration of the metabolic syndrome. We examined the diet-induced changes of cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability; however, meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of blood pressure-lowering drugs in acute stroke has shown no definite evidence of a beneficial effect on functional outcome. Accumulating evidence suggests that angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade with angiotensin II type 2 (AT2)(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) type 2 (AT2) receptors are abundantly expressed not only in the fetal brain where they probably contribute to brain development, but also in pathological conditions to protect the brain against stroke; however, the detailed mechanisms are unclear. Here, we demonstrated that AT2 receptor signaling induced neural differentiation via an(More)