Jun Iwaki

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Galectins, a group of beta-galactoside-binding lectins, are involved in multiple functions through specific binding to their oligosaccharide ligands. No previous work has focused on their interaction with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). In the present work, affinities of established members of human galectins toward a series of GAGs were investigated, using(More)
The extensive involvement of glycan-binding proteins (GBPs) as regulators in diverse biological phenomena provides a fundamental reason to investigate their glycan-binding specificities. Here, we developed a glycoconjugate microarray based on an evanescent-field fluorescence-assisted detection principle for investigation of GBPs. Eighty-nine selected(More)
BACKGROUND Galectins form a large family of animal lectins, individual members having variously divergent carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) responsible for extensive physiological phenomena. Sugar-binding affinities of galectins were previously investigated by us using frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) with a relatively small set (i.e., 41) of(More)
Histopathological classification of lung cancer has important implications in the application of clinical practice guidelines and the prediction of patient prognosis. Thus, we focused on discovering glycobiomarker candidates to classify the types of lung cancer tissue. First, we performed lectin microarray analysis of lung cancer tissue specimens and cell(More)
Galectin-1 (Gal-1), a member of the beta-galactoside-binding animal lectin family, has a wide range of biological activities, which makes it an attractive target for medical applications. Unlike other galectins, Gal-1 is susceptible to oxidation at cysteine residues, which is troublesome for in vitro/vivo studies. To overcome this problem, we prepared a(More)
To investigate the recognition sites of tRNA(Thr) for threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) from an extreme thermophilic and aerobic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1, threonylation experiments using various in vitro mutant transcripts of tRNA(Thr) were examined. The results indicated that A. pernix ThrRS did recognize the first three base pairs of acceptor stem in(More)
Galactoseβ1-4Fucose (Galβ1-4Fuc) is a unique disaccharide exclusively found in N-glycans of protostomia, and is recognized by some galectins of Caenorhabditis elegans and Coprinopsis cinerea. In the present study, we investigated whether mammalian galectins also bind such a disaccharide. We examined sugar-binding ability of human galectin-1 (hGal-1) and(More)
To investigate the recognition sites of histidine tRNA for histidyl-tRNA synthetase from an extreme hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1, we examined histidylation activities by using overexpressed histidyl-tRNA synthetase and various histidine tRNA transcripts that were prepared by in vitro transcription system. Results indicated that anticodon(More)
Recognition sites of tyrosine tRNA for tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli and extreme thermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1 were examined using various in vitro transcripts. With respect to the long variable arm in E. coli tyrosine tRNA, some base pairs in length was required for tyrosylation. None of the recognition sites were found in the(More)
To study the recognition sites of tRNA for archaeal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, several aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase genes from hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1 were cloned and expressed. All the expressed enzymes showed extreme thermostability. Expressed threonyl-tRNA synthetase threonylated not only archaeal (A. pernix and Haloferax volcanii)(More)