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Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in plants is a maternally inherited inability to produce functional pollen, and is often associated with mitochondrial DNA abnormalities. Specific nuclear loci that suppress CMS, termed as restorers of fertility (Rf), have been identified. Previously, we identified an Rf for the CMS Kosena radish and used genetic analysis to(More)
We are pursuing a positional cloning strategy to isolate the fertility restoration gene Rfk1 from radish. Random polymorphic DNA-sequence-tagged site (RAPD-STS) markers tightly linked to the gene in radish were isolated, and a RAPD map surrounding the Rfk1 locus was constructed. We surveyed 948 F2 plants with adjacent RAPD-STS markers to isolate(More)
Complementation of two metabolic deficiences — nitrate reductase and tryptophan synthase — was used to select for somatic fusion hybrids between tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and henbane (Hyoscyamus muticus) with prior X-irradiation of one partner. Using species specific, radioactively labelled DNA probes it could be shown that a) irradiation significantly(More)
Cytoplasts isolated from hypocotyl protoplasts of Raphanus sativus cv Kosena (cms line) by ultracentrifugation through Percoll/mannitol discontinuous gradient were fused with iodoacetamide(IOA)-treated protoplasts of Brassica napus cv Westar. Seventeen randomly selected regenerated plants were characterized for morphology and chromosome numbers. All of the(More)
UNLABELLED Liver stiffness, noninvasively measured by transient elastography, correlates well with liver fibrosis stage. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the liver stiffness measurement (LSM) as a predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development among patients with chronic hepatitis C. Between December 2004 and June 2005, a total of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It is not fully elucidated whether obesity enhances hepatocarcinogenesis in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between body weight and risk of hepatocarcinogenesis in chronic hepatitis C patients. METHODS We enrolled 1431 patients with chronic hepatitis C who visited our liver(More)
We investigated the usefulness of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the relative quantification of gene expression using a simultaneously amplified sequence of beta-actin mRNA as an internal control for the target sequence of tax/rex mRNA of human T-cell leukemia virus type I. The PCR product of the internal control was reduced by delaying the(More)
Conjugated linolenic acids are present as major seed oils in several plant species. Punicic acid (or trichosanic acid) is a conjugated linolenic acid isomer containing cis-delta9, trans-delta11, cis-delta13 double bonds in the C(18) carbon chain. Here we report cDNAs, TkFac and PgFac, isolated from Trichosanthes kirilowii and Punica granatum, that encode a(More)
Genetically transformed kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa) plants were obtained from hypocotyl and stem segments co-cultured with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA101 harboring a binary vector, pLAN411 or pLAN421, which contained the neomycin phosphotransferase II (nptII) gene and the β-glucuronidase (GUS) gene. After co-culturing with the A. tumefaciens,(More)
We have investigated the fate of the mitochondrial genomes of cybrids derived from “donor-recipient” protoplast fusion between X-irradiated Raphanus sativus (cms line) and iodoacetamide-treated Brassica napus cv. Westar. Two out of ten fusion products were male-sterile with the diploid chromosome number of B. napus. The mitochondrial (mt) genomes of the(More)