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BACKGROUND n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been suggested as a treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the efficacy of n-3 PUFAs against UC has not been examined in children. Therefore, the authors investigated the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on fatty acid composition and leukotriene (LT) production in children with UC. (More)
BACKGROUND Neuroblastomas are characterized by hemizygous 1p deletions, suggesting that a tumor suppressor gene resides in this region. We previously mapped the smallest region of consistent deletion to a 2-Mb region of 1p36.31 that encodes 23 genes. Based on mutation analysis, expression pattern, and putative function, we identified CHD5 as the best tumor(More)
Substantial genomic and functional evidence from primary tumors and cell lines indicates that a consistent region of distal chromosome 1p is deleted in a sizable proportion of human neuroblastomas, suggesting that this region contains one or more tumor suppressor genes. To determine systematically and precisely the location and extent of 1p deletion in(More)
Basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC) of the esophagus has been associated with a poor outcome after surgery. We herein report two patients with esophageal BSC treated by preoperative chemotherapy. Patient 1 was a 55-year-old man who presented with a tumor of the middle esophagus diagnosed as BSC. He was treated by chemotherapy using a combination of(More)
A case of co-occurrence of a mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) and a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the esophagus is described. The present patient was a 61-year-old man who underwent a curative esophagectomy with a regional lymph node dissection for a MEC in the lower esophagus and a SCC near the esophagogastric junction. The two lesions were endoscopically(More)
Changes in DNA methylation in the mammalian genome during development are frequent events and play major roles regulating gene expression and other developmental processes. It is necessary to identify these events so that we may understand how these changes affect normal development and how aberrant changes may impact disease. In this study Me thylated D NA(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency on the development of retinal function in children with biliary atresia (BA), we examined serum fatty acid levels and performed electororetinogram (ERG) in patients with BA. METHODS The study group was composed of one male and four female BA patients (8-14 years) with(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, the 92-kDa type IV collagenase, contributes to tumor invasion and metastases, and strategies to down-regulate its expression could ultimately be of clinical utility. A pyrrole-imidazole (PI) polyamide that targets the activator protein-1 (AP-1)-binding site of the MMP-9 promoter was designed and synthesized as a(More)
Alterations in DNA methylation have been implicated in mammalian development. Hence, the identification of tissue-specific differentially methylated regions (TDMs) is indispensable for understanding its role. Using restriction landmark genomic scanning of six mouse tissues, 150 putative TDMs were identified and 14 were further analyzed. The DNA sequences of(More)
Neuroblastomas are characterized by 1p deletions, suggesting that a tumor suppressor gene (TSG) resides in this region. We have mapped the smallest region of deletion (SRD) to a 2 Mb region of 1p36.31 using microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphisms. We have identified 23 genes in this region, and we have analysed these genes for mutations and RNA(More)