Jun-Ichiro Inoue

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Signaling by RANKL is essential for terminal differentiation of monocytes/macrophages into osteoclasts. The TRAF6 and c-Fos signaling pathways both play important roles downstream of RANKL. We show here that RANKL selectively induces NFATc1 expression via these two pathways. RANKL also evokes Ca(2+) oscillations that lead to calcineurin-mediated activation(More)
TRAF6 is a signal transducer that activates IkappaB kinase (IKK) and Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) in response to pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS). IKK activation by TRAF6 requires two intermediary factors, TRAF6-regulated IKK activator 1 (TRIKA1) and TRIKA2 (ref. 5). TRIKA1 is a dimeric(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are involved in the recognition of microbial pathogens. A subset of TLRs, TLR7, TLR8 and TLR9, induces antiviral responses by producing interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha). Production of IFN-alpha is dependent on the Toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor MyD88. Here we show that MyD88 formed a complex with the(More)
Medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) establish T cell self-tolerance through the expression of autoimmune regulator (Aire) and peripheral tissue-specific self-antigens. However, signals underlying mTEC development remain largely unclear. Here, we demonstrate crucial regulation of mTEC development by receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) and CD40(More)
A band shift of IkappaBalpha was observed in Western blots with Jurkat cells treated with 1 mm taurine chloramine (TauCl) for 1 h. TauCl treatment inhibited tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-initiated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. TauCl did not inhibit either the upstream of IkappaB kinase (IKK) activation or IKK itself but did inhibit(More)
Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) plays an essential role in osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Although genetic and biochemical studies indicate that RANKL regulates osteoclast differentiation by activating receptor activator of NF-kappaB and associated signaling molecules, the molecular mechanisms of RANKL-regulated osteoclast(More)
The thymic medulla provides a microenvironment where medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) express autoimmune regulator and diverse tissue-restricted genes, contributing to launching self-tolerance. Positive selection is essential for thymic medulla formation via a previously unknown mechanism. Here we show that the cytokine RANK ligand (RANKL) was(More)
RANK and CD40 activate NF-kappaB and MAPKs to similar levels via TRAF6. Even though overexpression of TRAF6 results in osteoclast formation, RANK but not CD40 promotes osteoclastogenesis. To understand the molecular basis for RANK-specific activity in osteoclastogenesis, we created an osteoclast formation system driven by anti-human CD40 antibody-mediated(More)
The microenvironments of the thymus are generated by thymic epithelial cells (TECs) and are essential for inducing immune self-tolerance or developing T cells. However, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the differentiation of TECs and thymic compartmentalization are not fully understood. Here we show that deficiency in the tumor necrosis factor(More)
Signaling pathways from TLRs are mediated by the Toll/IL-1R (TIR) domain-containing adaptor molecules. TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 6 is thought to activate NF-kappaB and MAPKs downstream of these TIR domain-containing proteins to induce production of inflammatory cytokines. However, the precise role of TRAF6 in signaling from individual TLRs has(More)