Jun-Ichi Nakayama

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The assembly of higher order chromatin structures has been linked to the covalent modifications of histone tails. We provide in vivo evidence that lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3 Lys9) is preferentially methylated by the Clr4 protein at heterochromatin-associated regions in fission yeast. Both the conserved chromo- and SET domains of Clr4 are required for H3(More)
The chromodomain is a conserved motif that functions in the epigenetic control of gene expression. Here, we report the functional characterization of a chromodomain protein, Chp1, in the heterochromatin assembly in fission yeast. We show that Chp1 is a structural component of three heterochromatic regions-centromeres, the mating-type region, and(More)
DNA methyltransferases Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b cooperatively regulate cytosine methylation in CpG dinucleotides in mammalian genomes, providing an epigenetic basis for gene silencing and maintenance of genome integrity. Proper CpG methylation is required for the normal growth of various somatic cell types, indicating its essential role in the basic(More)
Heterochromatin is a structurally compacted region of chromosomes in which transcription and recombination are inactivated. DNA replication is temporally regulated in heterochromatin, but the molecular mechanism for regulation has not been elucidated. Among heterochromatin loci in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the pericentromeric region and the silent(More)
Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) is a conserved chromosomal protein with important roles in chromatin packaging and gene silencing. In fission yeast, two HP1 family proteins, Swi6 and Chp2, are involved in transcriptional silencing at heterochromatic regions, but how they function and whether they act cooperatively or differentially in heterochromatin(More)
Besides serving to package nuclear DNA, histones carry information in the form of a diverse array of post-translational modifications. Methylation of histones H3 and H4 has been implicated in long-term epigenetic 'memory'. Dimethylation or trimethylation of Lys4 of histone H3 (H3 Lys4) has been found in expressible euchromatin of yeasts and mammals. In(More)
The RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex, containing Ago1, Chp1, Tas3 and centromeric small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), is required for heterochromatic gene silencing at centromeres. Here, we identify a second fission yeast Argonaute complex (Argonaute siRNA chaperone, ARC), which contains, in addition to Ago1, two previously uncharacterized(More)
Epigenetic gene silencing is one of the fundamental mechanisms for ensuring proper gene expression patterns during cellular differentiation and development. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are evolutionally conserved enzymes that remove acetyl modifications from histones and play a central role in epigenetic gene silencing. In cells, HDAC forms a multiprotein(More)
MRG15 is a conserved chromodomain protein that associates with histone deacetylases (HDACs) and Tip60-containing histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complexes. Here we further characterize MRG15-containing complexes and show a functional link between MRG15 and histone H3K4 demethylase activity in mammalian cells. MRG15 was predominantly localized to discrete(More)
Heterochromatic gene silencing at the pericentromeric DNA repeats in fission yeast requires the RNA interference (RNAi) machinery. The RNA-induced transcriptional silencing (RITS) complex mediates histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methylation and recruits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase complex (RDRC) to promote double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) synthesis and siRNA(More)