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Genetic affinities between aboriginal Taiwanese and populations from Oceania and Southeast Asia have previously been explored through analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), Y chromosomal DNA, and human leukocyte antigen loci. Recent genetic studies have supported the "slow boat" and "entangled bank" models according to which the Polynesian migration can be(More)
The Minnan and Hakka people groups, the so-called "Taiwanese", are the descendants of early settlers from the southeast coast of China during the last few centuries. Genetically they showed affinities to southern Asian populations, as determined by phylogenetic trees and correspondence analysis calculated from HLA allele frequencies. This corresponds(More)
A rich diversity of ancient sea urchin lineages survives to the present. These include several advanced orders as well as the cidaroids, which represent the group ancestral to all other sea urchins. Here we show that all advanced groups of sea urchins examined possess in their eggs a class of maternal messenger RNA (mRNA) encoded by the evolutionarily(More)
Phosphoglucomutase-1 (PGM1) phenotyping of 1,128 Chinese blood donors was performed by thin-layer isoelectric focusing on agarose. The PGM1 gene frequencies were: 1A, 0.6005; 1B, 0.1500; 2A, 0.1510; 2B, 0.0973, and rare variants, 0.0058. The rare variants found in this series were PGM1 W21, W2, W3, W6 and W9 (or W10) with PGM1 W21 being the most common(More)
Phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) phenotyping was performed in 1,128 Chinese blood donors by thin-layer isoelectric focusing on agarose. The PGM1 gene frequencies were as follows: 1A, 0.6005; 1B, 0.1500; 2A, 0.1510, 2B, 0.0973; variants, 0.0058, with W21, 0.0040. The variants found in this series were PGM1 W21, W2, W3, W6 and W9 (or W10) with PGM1 W21 being the(More)
The family of box H/ACA snoRNA is an abundant class of non-protein-coding RNAs, which play important roles in the post-transcriptional modification of rRNAs and snRNAs. Here we report the characterization in the human genome of 202 sequences derived from box H/ACA snoRNAs. Most of them were retrogenes formed using the L1 integration machinery. About 96% of(More)
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