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This paper presents a control system design for personal rapid transit (PRT) system and a configuration of apparatus to assess its control scheme. The control system can be divided into two parts: one is for the vehicle management that is related with the supervision of the vehicle operation and the other is for the vehicle operational control that is(More)
This study investigated environmental predictors of teenagers' alcohol-impaired driving, such as drinking location and alcohol source. Data for this study were part of the 15 Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol Project. Relationships between drinking-driver status, alcohol source, drinking location, alcohol consumption, and individual demographics(More)
BACKGROUND Telecanthus occurs because of the disruption of the medial canthal tendon (MCT). The deformity of medial canthus can result from nasoorbitoethmoid fractures, tumor resection, craniofacial exposure, congenital malposition, or aging. Repair of the MCT using transnasal wiring is regarded as a method of choice to treat telecanthus. We have introduced(More)
In the semiconductor manufacturing industry, the lot size currently tends to be extremely small, even being only 5-8 wafers, whereas conventional lots have 25 identical wafers. The smaller lot size is made because customers demand extremely small lots, and the number of chips in a large 300 mm wafer has increased. Cyclic scheduling is not applicable for(More)
Cluster tools, each of which consists of multiple processing modules, one material handling robot, and loadlocks, are widely used for wafer fabrication processes, such as lithography, etching, and deposition. There have been many approaches and algorithms for cyclic scheduling of cluster tools in which the robot repeats a specified sequence for processing(More)
We examine a scheduling problem of cluster tools that concurrently process two wafer types in a cyclic operational sequence. Whereas the process steps for different wafer types are assigned to different processing modules (PMs), the wafer loading and unloading tasks at the PMs are performed by a single robot. For a given cycle plan, which is a mix of(More)
A cluster tool that consists of several processing modules, a transport robot, and loadlocks is widely used for wafer processing in the semiconductor industry. The cluster tool repeats an identical operational sequence for processing wafers in a lot, and such a cyclic operation sequence is determined by the wafer flow pattern and process times of a wafer(More)
We examine a non-cyclic scheduling problem of a wet station that performs cleaning processes for removing residual contaminants on wafer surfaces. Several chemical and rinse baths, and multiple robots for transporting jobs are linearly combined in a wet station. A wet station in a fab tends to have different types of jobs. Therefore, it is realistic to(More)
Petri nets are useful for modeling and analyzing complex scheduling problems of automated manufacturing systems, such as robotized cluster tools for semiconductor manufacturing and robot cells with diverse and complex tool architectures and scheduling requirements. While there are many scheduling works on cyclic operation cycles of such systems and their(More)