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INTRODUCTION Endoscopic techniques have recently been applied in thyroid surgery using cervical, axillary, and breast approaches. We modified the axillo-bilateral breast approach (ABBA) and developed the bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) to obtain optimal visualization for total thyroidectomy. METHODS We used two 12-mm ports through bilateral(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic techniques have recently been applied to thyroid surgery. We developed the bilateral axillo-breast (BAB) approach for total thyroidectomy. The aims of this study were to evaluate the completeness of this approach for total thyroidectomy and to compare complications between endoscopic thyroidectomy and conventional open thyroidectomy.(More)
BACKGROUND Various techniques for endoscopic thyroidectomy have been introduced in the past decade, and the cosmetic superiority of these techniques has been universally acknowledged. We developed the endoscopic thyroidectomy via bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) and have performed more than 500 operations. The aims of this study are to analyze the(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used for the local staging of breast cancer, especially to determine the extent of multiple lesions and to identify occult malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pre-operative MRI on the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Between January 2006 and May 2007, 535 newly diagnosed breast(More)
Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare, heterogeneous breast cancer characterized by admixture of adenocarcinoma with metaplastic elements, low hormone receptor expression, and poor outcomes. The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 47 MBC patients and 1,346 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) patients. Two hundred eighteen of the IDC(More)
Breast cancer screening programs make it possible to detect early cancer, thus reducing breast cancer mortality. We studied the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of screen-detected invasive breast cancer compared with symptomatic breast cancer. And we compared the result according to molecular subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, Her2, and triple(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective is to systematically review the literature studying the harmonic scalpel versus other hemostatic techniques in thyroid surgical patients. Although thyroidectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures, the safest, most efficient, and cost-effective way to achieve hemostasis is hotly debated. DATA SOURCES We searched the(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic thyroidectomies have been performed using various approaches, and indications have expanded with the development of new surgical techniques and instruments. Endoscopic thyroid surgery using bilateral axillo-breast approaches have excellent cosmetic results and a symmetrical, optimal operative view. However, because of the(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical scars are a common cosmetic problem that occurs in various surgical fields including dermatology. Diverse trials have been made to prevent this annoying scar formation. Recently, 585- and 595-nm pulsed dye laser irradiation presented satisfactory cosmetic outcome for the treatment of surgical scars. Other fractionated lasers or light(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are pivotal steps in breast cancer pathogenesis. In a previous study, we reported that silibinin suppresses TPA-induced MMP-9 expression through the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway. AIMS OF THE STUDY Herein we determined the co-relationship between MMP-9(More)