Jun Hiratake

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A genomic library of Bifidobacterium bifidum constructed in Escherichia coli was screened for the ability to hydrolyze the alpha-(1-->2) linkage of 2'-fucosyllactose, and a gene encoding 1,2-alpha-l-fucosidase (AfcA) was isolated. The afcA gene was found to comprise 1,959 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 205 kDa and containing a signal(More)
Fireflies communicate with each other by emitting yellow-green to yellow-orange brilliant light. The bioluminescence reaction, which uses luciferin, Mg-ATP and molecular oxygen to yield an electronically excited oxyluciferin species, is carried out by the enzyme luciferase. Visible light is emitted during relaxation of excited oxyluciferin to its ground(More)
Paucimannosidic glycans are often predominant in N-glycans produced by insect cells. However, a beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase responsible for the generation of paucimannosidic glycans in lepidopteran insect cells has not been identified. We report the purification of a beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase from the culture medium of Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cells(More)
We found endo-alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase in most bifidobacterial strains, which are predominant bacteria in the human colon. This enzyme catalyzes the liberation of galactosyl beta1,3-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (Galbeta1,3GalNAc) alpha-linked to serine or threonine residues from mucin-type glycoproteins. The gene (engBF) encoding the enzyme has been(More)
P-glycoprotein is an ATP-binding cassette multidrug transporter that actively transports chemically diverse substrates across the lipid bilayer. The precise molecular mechanism underlying transport is not fully understood. Here, we present crystal structures of a eukaryotic P-glycoprotein homolog, CmABCB1 from Cyanidioschyzon merolae, in two forms: unbound(More)
The zeta-crystallin (ZCr) gene P1 of Arabidopsis thaliana, known to confer tolerance toward the oxidizing drug 1,1'-azobis(N, N-dimethylformamide) (diamide) to yeast [Babiychuk, E., Kushnir, S., Belles-Boix, E., Van Montagu, M. & Inzé, D. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26224], was expressed in Escherichia coli to characterize biochemical properties of the(More)
Phenylbutanone raspberry ketone, accumulating in the mature fruits of raspberry (Rubus idaeus), imparts the characteristic aroma to the fruits. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of raspberry ketone/zingerone synthase 1 (RZS1), which catalyzed the NADPH-dependent reduction of 4-hydroxybenzalacetone and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzalacetone to(More)
gamma-Glutamyltranspeptidase (EC 2.3.2.2) is the enzyme involved in glutathione metabolism and catalyzes the hydrolysis and transpeptidation of gamma-glutamyl compounds such as glutathione and its derivatives. The reaction is thought to proceed via a gamma-glutamyl-enzyme intermediate where a hitherto unknown catalytic nucleophile is gamma-glutamylated.(More)
Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT, EC 2.3.2.2) catalyzes the transfer of the gamma-glutamyl group of glutathione and related gamma-glutamyl amides to water (hydrolysis) or to amino acids and peptides (transpeptidation) and plays a central role in glutathione metabolism. GGT is involved in a number of biological events, such as drug resistance and(More)
A lipase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was subjected to directed molecular evolution for increased amide-hydrolyzing (amidase) activity. A single round of random mutagenesis followed by screening for hydrolytic activity for oleoyl 2-naphthylamide as compared with that for oleoyl 2-naphthyl ester identified five mutants with 1.7-2.0-fold increased relative(More)