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Automatic recording of user behavior within a system (instrumentation) to develop and test theories has a rich history in psychology and system design. Often, researchers analyze instrumented behavior in isolation from other data. The problem with collecting instrumented behaviors without attitudinal, demographic, and contextual data is that researchers(More)
Synaptotagmins comprise a large protein family, of which synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) is a Ca2+ sensor for fast exocytosis, and its close relative, synaptotagmin 2 (Syt2), is assumed to serve similar functions. Chromaffin cells express Syt1 but not Syt2. We compared secretion from chromaffin cells from Syt1 null mice overexpressing either Syt isoform. High(More)
Synaptic strength is determined by release probability and the size of the readily releasable pool of docked vesicles. Here we describe the effects of blocking myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), a cytoskeletal regulatory protein thought to be involved in myosin-mediated vesicle transport, on synaptic transmission at the mouse calyx of Held synapse.(More)
Axonal and nerve terminal action potentials often display a depolarizing after potential (DAP). However, the underlying mechanism that generates the DAP, and its impact on firing patterns, are poorly understood at axon terminals. Here, we find that at calyx of Held nerve terminals in the rat auditory brainstem the DAP is blocked by low doses of externally(More)
The excitability of CNS presynaptic terminals after a tetanic burst of action potentials is important for synaptic plasticity. The mechanisms that regulate excitability, however, are not well understood. Using direct recordings from the rat calyx of Held terminal, we found that a fast Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA)-mediated post-tetanic hyperpolarization (PTH)(More)
BACKGROUND The prostate gland contains numerous neuroendocrine cells (PNECs) innervated by adrenergic neurons. PNECs are believed to influence the growth and physiological function of the prostate gland via paracrine release of hormones. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using fura-2 fluorescence measurement and patch-clamp techniques, we investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND In many epithelial tissues, the Cl(-) efflux via Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels (Cl(Ca)) play a key role for the fluid secretion. To elucidate the mechanism of prostatic fluid secretion, the properties of whole-cell chloride conductance were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat prostate secretory epithelial cells (RPSECs) were isolated by(More)
Auditory neuropathies are linked to loss of temporal acuity of sound-evoked signals, which may be related to myelin loss. However, it is not known how myelin loss affects the waveform and temporal precision of action potentials (APs) in auditory CNS nerve terminals. Here we investigated the excitability of the calyx of Held nerve terminal in dysmyelinated(More)