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Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction ratio (OER), oxygen utilization (CMRO2) and blood volume (CBV) were measured in a group of 34 healthy volunteers (age range 22-82 yrs) using the 15O steady-state inhalation method and positron emission tomography. Between subjects CBF correlated positively with CMRO2, although the interindividual(More)
Hypercapnia induces cerebral vasodilation and increases cerebral blood flow (CBF), and hypocapnia induces cerebral vasoconstriction and decreases CBF. The relation between changes in CBF and cerebral blood volume (CBV) during hypercapnia and hypocapnia in humans, however, is not clear. Both CBF and CBV were measured at rest and during hypercapnia and(More)
By means of a high resolution PET scanner, the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), cerebral blood volume (rCBV), oxygen extraction fraction (rOEF), and metabolic rate of oxygen (rCMRO2) for major cerebral gyri and deep brain structures were studied in eleven normal volunteers during an eye-covered and ear-unplugged resting condition. Regional CBF was(More)
Hypercapnia and hypocapnia produce cerebral vasodilation and vasoconstriction, respectively. However, regional differences in the vascular response to changes in Paco2 in the human brain are not pronounced. In the current study, these regional differences were evaluated. In each of the 11 healthy subjects, cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured using(More)
We previously reported generalized cerebral glucose hypometabolism in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with upper motor neuron disease, using positron emission tomography (PET) with [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose. The present article presents a more detailed regional analysis of the hypometabolism, including measurements of the motor-sensory(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Echo-planar gradient-echo T2*-weighted MR imaging (GRE-EPI) may detect hypointense lesions representing microhemorrhages with high sensitivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of GRE-EPI for detecting old lacunar hemorrhages in hypertensive patients with stroke. METHODS GRE-EPI was performed with a 1.5-T MRI(More)
The hemodynamic mechanism of increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) during neural activation has not been elucidated in humans. In the current study, changes in both regional CBF and cerebral blood volume (CBV) during visual stimulation in humans were investigated. Cerebral blood flow and CBV were measured by positron emission tomography using H(2)(15)O and(More)
UNLABELLED Measurement of the arterial input function is essential for quantitative assessment of physiological function in vivo using PET. However, frequent arterial blood sampling is invasive and labor intensive. Recently, a PET system has been developed that consists of two independent PET tomographs for simultaneously scanning the brain and heart, which(More)
The novel muscarinic cholinergic ligands (+)N-[11C]methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate ([11C](+)3-MPB) and its stereoisomer [11C](-)3-MPB were evaluated in comparison with [11C]4-MPB in the brains of conscious monkeys (Macaca mulatta) using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET). The regional distribution patterns of [11C](+)3-MPB and [11C]4-MPB at(More)
Histamine H1 receptors in the living human brain were visualized by positron emission tomography (PET) using [N-11C-methyl]-(E)-doxepin ([11C]doxepin). The regional distribution of the carbon-11-labeled compound in the brain corresponded well with that of the histamine H1 receptors measured in vitro using [3H]pyrilamine. The radioactivity in the brain was(More)