Jun Gojobori

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The selective forces acting on amino acid substitutions may be different in the two phases of molecular evolution: polymorphism and fixation. Negative selection and genetic drift may dominate the first phase, whereas positive selection may become much more significant in the second phase. However, the conventional dichotomy of synonymous vs. nonsynonymous(More)
Mesoamerica has an important role in the expansion of Paleoamericans as the route to South America. In this study, we determined complete mitogenome sequences of 113 unrelated individuals from two indigenous populations of Mesoamerica, Mazahua and Zapotec. All newly sequenced mitogenomes could be classified into haplogroups A2, B2, C1 and D1, but one(More)
The duplication of four cone-opsin gene families is heavily involved in visual adaptation in bony fish. We found that two gene families for the middle-wave range of the vision spectrum have, on average, older duplications followed by accelerated amino acid substitution, in comparison with the other two families that define the boundaries. This could be due(More)
Human genes responsible for inherited diseases are important for the understanding of human disease. We investigated the degree of polymorphism and divergence in the human disease genes to elucidate the effect of natural selection on human disease genes. In particular, the effect of disease dominance was incorporated into the analysis. Both dominant disease(More)
There have been conflicting arguments as to what happened in the human-chimpanzee speciation event. Patterson et al. (2006, Genetic evidence for complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature 441:1103-1108) proposed a hypothesis that the human-chimpanzee speciation event involved a complicated demographic process: that is, the ancestral lineages of(More)
Homopolymeric amino acid repeats are tandem repeats of single amino acids. About 650 genes are known to have repeats of this kind comprising seven residues or more in the human genome. According to the evolutionary conservativeness, we classified the repeats into three categories: those whose length is conserved among mammals (CM), those whose length(More)
Human PQBP-1 is known to interact with triplet repeat disease gene products such as ataxin and huntingtin through their poly-glutamine (poly-Q) tracts. The poly-Q tracts show extensive variation in both the number and the configuration of repeats among species. A surface plasmon resonance assay showed clear interaction between human PQBP-1 and Q11,(More)
Fluorescent proteins (FPs) are well known and broadly used as bio-imaging markers in molecular biology research. Many FP genes were cloned from anthozoan species and it was suggested that multi-copies of these genes are present in their genomes. However, the full complement of FP genes in any single coral species remained unidentified. In this study, we(More)
The vast majority of marine invertebrates spend their larval period as pelagic plankton and are exposed to various environmental cues. Here we investigated the thermotaxis behaviors of the bipinnaria larvae of the starfish, Patiria pectinifera, in association with TRPA ion channels that serve as thermal receptors in various animal species. Using a newly(More)
The New World is the last continent colonized by anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens. The first migrants entered the New World from Asia through Beringia. It is suggested that there were three streams of Asian gene flow, one major and two additional minor gene flows. The first major migrants took a Pacific coastal route and began spreading to the(More)