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Diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), particularly HCC independent of cirrhosis etiology, presents a great challenge because of a lack of biomarkers. Here we test the hypothesis that expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in serum can serve as biomarkers for diagnosis of HBV infection and HBV-positive HCC. We(More)
The N-oxygenation of amines by the human flavin-containing monooxygenase (form 3) (FMO3) represents an important means for the conversion of lipophilic nucleophilic heteroatom-containing compounds into more polar and readily excreted products. Certain mutations of the human FMO3 gene have been linked to abnormal drug or chemical metabolism. For example,(More)
The effect of resveratrol on macrophage EMMPRIN expression and its potential mechanism was investigated. Both EMMPRIN expression and MMP-9 activity, respectively assayed by Western blot and zymography, were greatly up-regulated during PMA-induced macrophage differentiation from THP-1 monocytes. Both resveratrol and a PPARgamma agonist, pioglitazone,(More)
BACKGROUND Rapamycin, isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, is recently reported to have immunosuppressant and anti-tumor effects on a large variety of cancers. To date, no detailed data are available about the effects of rapamycin on hepatocellular carcinoma cells. OBJECTIVE In this study, the anti-proliferation effects of rapamycin on hepatocellular(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) accounts for approximately 90-95% exocrine malignant tumors of the pancreas. The high prevalence of metastasis and the difficulty of early diagnosis lead to a dismal prognosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in extensive biological processes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of stool(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized, controlled trials have demonstrated the superiority of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), as opposed to bare-metal stents, in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study aimed to test the hypothesis that clinical benefits of SES treatment were(More)
< This paper examines new services offered by museums for their visitors. < The measures used include visitors' perceptions of novelty and interactive communication and interpretation. < These techniques are found to enhance the visitor experience and intention to make repeat visits. a b s t r a c t The ability to manage customer relationships successfully(More)
BACKGROUND The main therapeutic treatments for hepatic artery complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) include thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, stent placement, and liver retransplantation. The prognosis of hepatic artery complications after OLT is not only related to the type, extent, and timing but also closely(More)
AIM To determine the prevalence of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) in rural regions of Shanxi Province, China, and to identify factors increasing the prevalence of OA. METHOD Residents over 16 years of age of targeted towns and villages in rural regions of Shanxi Province were sampled using a stratified multi-stage cluster method. Those exhibiting(More)
BACKGROUND The transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) has been accepted as a promising therapeutic strategy for central nervous system disorders. However, the beneficial effect of NSC transplantation upon functional recovery is limited due to the unfavorable microenvironment (niche) at the site of trauma or degenerative disease in the brain.(More)